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The Potential of Wetlands in Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda
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Priorities and Interactions of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with Focus on Wetlands

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Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, SE–106 91, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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Baltic Sea Centre, Stockholm University, SE–106 91, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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Soil and Water Sciences Department, University of Florida, 2191, McCarty Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
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Biology Program, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Universidad del Rosario, Kr 26 No 63B-48, 111221 Bogotá D.C., Colombia
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Instituto de investigaciones marinas y costeras de Colombia “José Benito Vives de Andreis”—INVEMAR, 470006 Santa Marta, Colombia
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Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Medellín, Carrera 87 N ° 30–65, 050026 Medellín, Colombia
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Instituto de Biología, Universidad de Antioquia, 050010 Medellín, Colombia
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Grupo de Investigación de Recursos Hídricos y Acuáticos, Universidad Regional Amazónica IKIAM, 150150 Tena Kilómetro 7, vía Muyuna, Atacapi, Ecuador
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Faculty of Geography; Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119571 Moscow, Russia
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Institute of Geography, Kazimierz Wielki University, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong HKSAR
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Southeast Environmental Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
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Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, CNDS, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
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Departamento de Botânica e Ecologia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) and Centro de Pesquisa do Pantanal, 78060-900 Cuiabá-MT, Brazil
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Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales y Recursos Naturales Renovables, Facultad de Ciencias Agronómicas, Universidad de Chile, 8820808 Santiago, Chile
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Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering Department, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
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Hydrology and Water Resources Department, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, 210029 Nanjing, China
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Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, 80000 Agadir, Morocco
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Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Stockholm University, SE–106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
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Geography Department, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
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Independent consultant, 8000 Zurich, Switzerland
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Independent consultant, 111 22 Stockholm, Sweden
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Civil and Agricultural Department, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá 11001, Colombia
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Grupo de Palinología y Paleoecología Tropical, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá 111711, Colombia; Universidad Católica de Colombia, Bogotá 111311, Colombia
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Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogotá 111311, Colombia
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State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 619; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030619
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 15 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
Wetlands are often vital physical and social components of a country’s natural capital, as well as providers of ecosystem services to local and national communities. We performed a network analysis to prioritize Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets for sustainable development in iconic wetlands and wetlandscapes around the world. The analysis was based on the information and perceptions on 45 wetlandscapes worldwide by 49 wetland researchers of the Global Wetland Ecohydrological Network (GWEN). We identified three 2030 Agenda targets of high priority across the wetlandscapes needed to achieve sustainable development: Target 6.3—“Improve water quality”; 2.4—“Sustainable food production”; and 12.2—“Sustainable management of resources”. Moreover, we found specific feedback mechanisms and synergies between SDG targets in the context of wetlands. The most consistent reinforcing interactions were the influence of Target 12.2 on 8.4—“Efficient resource consumption”; and that of Target 6.3 on 12.2. The wetlandscapes could be differentiated in four bundles of distinctive priority SDG-targets: “Basic human needs”, “Sustainable tourism”, “Environmental impact in urban wetlands”, and “Improving and conserving environment”. In general, we find that the SDG groups, targets, and interactions stress that maintaining good water quality and a “wise use” of wetlandscapes are vital to attaining sustainable development within these sensitive ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetlands; wetlandscapes; SDGs; network analysis; sustainable development goals; priorities; interactions wetlands; wetlandscapes; SDGs; network analysis; sustainable development goals; priorities; interactions
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Jaramillo, F.; Desormeaux, A.; Hedlund, J.; Jawitz, J.W.; Clerici, N.; Piemontese, L.; Rodríguez-Rodriguez, J.A.; Anaya, J.A.; Blanco-Libreros, J.F.; Borja, S.; Celi, J.; Chalov, S.; Chun, K.P.; Cresso, M.; Destouni, G.; Dessu, S.B.; Di Baldassarre, G.; Downing, A.; Espinosa, L.; Ghajarnia, N.; Girard, P.; Gutiérrez, Á.G.; Hansen, A.; Hu, T.; Jarsjö, J.; Kalantary, Z.; Labbaci, A.; Licero-Villanueva, L.; Livsey, J.; Machotka, E.; McCurley, K.; Palomino-Ángel, S.; Pietron, J.; Price, R.; Ramchunder, S.J.; Ricaurte-Villota, C.; Ricaurte, L.F.; Dahir, L.; Rodríguez, E.; Salgado, J.; Sannel, A.B.K.; Santos, A.C.; Seifollahi-Aghmiuni, S.; Sjöberg, Y.; Sun, L.; Thorslund, J.; Vigouroux, G.; Wang-Erlandsson, L.; Xu, D.; Zamora, D.; Ziegler, A.D.; Åhlén, I. Priorities and Interactions of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with Focus on Wetlands. Water 2019, 11, 619.

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