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Flood Resilience of Critical Infrastructure: Approach and Method Applied to Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Deltares, 2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands
Environmental Planning and Community Resilience Division, Environmental Protection and Growth Management Department, Broward County, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301, USA
Deltares USA Inc., Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Sea Level Solutions Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 517;
Received: 17 January 2019 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrated Flood Management: Concepts, Methods, Tools and Results)
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In order to increase the flood resilience of cities (i.e., the ability to cope with flood hazards), it is also crucial to make critical infrastructure functions resilient, since these are essential for urban society. Cities are complex systems with many actors of different disciplines and many interdependent critical infrastructure networks and functions. Common flood risk analysis techniques provide useful information but are not sufficient to obtain a complete overview of the effects of flooding and potential measures to increase flood resilience related to critical infrastructure networks. Therefore, a more comprehensive approach is needed which helps accessing knowledge of actors in a structured way. Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States has suffered from flood impacts, especially from disruptions in critical infrastructure. This paper shows how shared insight among different sectors and stakeholders into critical infrastructure resilience and potential resilience-enhancing measures was obtained using input from these actors. It also provides a first quantitative indication of resilience, indicated by the potential disruption due to floods and the effect of measures on resilience. The paper contributes to the existing literature on resilience specifically by considering the duration of disruption, the inclusion of critical infrastructure disruption in flood impact analysis, and the step from resilience quantification to measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; flood risk management; critical infrastructure resilience; flood risk management; critical infrastructure

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de Bruijn, K.M.; Maran, C.; Zygnerski, M.; Jurado, J.; Burzel, A.; Jeuken, C.; Obeysekera, J. Flood Resilience of Critical Infrastructure: Approach and Method Applied to Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Water 2019, 11, 517.

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