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Recharge of River Water to Karst Aquifer Determined by Hydrogeochemistry and Stable Isotopes

1,2,3, 1,2,3,4,*, 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 5 and 5
Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
Institutions of Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Academician Zhaiming Guo working station, Sanya University, Hainan 572000, China
Shandong Provincial Water Resources Research Institute, Ji’nan 250013, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 479;
Received: 23 January 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Ecosystems)
PDF [7656 KB, uploaded 7 March 2019]


The Jinan Karst Spring System in Shandong province, China, has suffered to maintain groundwater level and spring flowing for decades. Recharge of river water to karst aquifer in Jinan is important for the outflowing of four large karst springs in the city center. Field investigations were conducted for two times in May and October, 2015, respectively and water samples were collected for hydrogeochemical and isotopic measurements. Results showed that (a) the water type was predominantly Ca-HCO3-SO4 for karst groundwater, and Ca-Mg-SO4 for river water; (b) the concentration of HCO3 and NO3 in karst groundwater were higher than that in river water, in contrast, the concentration of SO42− and K+ in karst groundwater were lower than that in river water; (c) the δ2H and δ18O values with average of −51.2‰ and −6.6‰ for river water is more enriched than the values in groundwater samples (−59.1‰ and −8.3‰), in that river experienced evaporation in the upstream reservoir; (d) Based on the distribution pattern of δ18O, groundwater near river bank was found to be recharged from river water and found a preferential flow path in karst aquifer situated from Dongkema to Manzizhuang near the river bank. This study provides useful information for understanding of the hydraulic connection between river water and karst aquifer, and benefit the protection and management of water resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: recharge; streambed; hydrogeochemistry; isotope; karst aquifer; Jinan recharge; streambed; hydrogeochemistry; isotope; karst aquifer; Jinan

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Guo, Y.; Qin, D.; Sun, J.; Li, L.; Li, F.; Huang, J. Recharge of River Water to Karst Aquifer Determined by Hydrogeochemistry and Stable Isotopes. Water 2019, 11, 479.

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