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Cost of Urban Wastewater Treatment and Ecotaxes: Evidence from Municipalities in Southern Europe

1
Department of Economy, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Department of Economy and Business, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
3
Solar Energy Research Centre (CIESOL), Joint Centre University of Almería-CIEMAT, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 423; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030423
Received: 25 December 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 27 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water and Wastewater Treatment)
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PDF [521 KB, uploaded 27 February 2019]
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Abstract

The principle of cost recovery established by the Water Framework Directive underlines the need for tax rates, which can raise enough revenue to finance the cost of treatments applied to wastewater. The objective of this research is to gain an understanding the different types of charges related to urban wastewater treatment that can be levied by the authorities responsible for this service. This paper also aims to determine whether these taxes contribute to guaranteeing the economic feasibility of the wastewater treatment plants. The proposed methodological approach is applied to 18 municipalities of a province in southern Europe in 2017. The results confirm that in most of these cases, the taxes levied do not guarantee adequate tax revenues to cover the running, maintenance and investment costs of municipal wastewater treatment plants. This situation leads to a lack of financial self-sufficiency in the wastewater management service, meaning that the imbalance between income and expenditure has to be covered by government subsidies. The results of this study will help guide authorities around the world that are in charge of managing urban wastewater treatment services. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater treatment; reuse; cost; ecotaxes wastewater treatment; reuse; cost; ecotaxes
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Moral Pajares, E.; Gallego Valero, L.; Román Sánchez, I.M. Cost of Urban Wastewater Treatment and Ecotaxes: Evidence from Municipalities in Southern Europe. Water 2019, 11, 423.

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