Next Article in Journal
Coagulation: Determination of Key Operating Parameters by Multi-Response Surface Methodology Using Desirability Functions
Previous Article in Journal
Iron Isotopic Composition of Suspended Particulate Matter in Hongfeng Lake
Open AccessArticle

Comprehensive Utilization of Seawater in China: A Description of the Present Situation, Restrictive Factors and Potential Countermeasures

by Shuxin Gong 1,2, Hongrui Wang 1,2,*, Zhongfan Zhu 1,2, Qijie Bai 1,2 and Cheng Wang 3
1
College of Water Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Hydrological Cycle and Sponge City Technology, Beijing 100875, China
3
Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(2), 397; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020397
Received: 8 January 2019 / Revised: 11 February 2019 / Accepted: 15 February 2019 / Published: 25 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Use and Scarcity)
China is a maritime power. However, as its economy develops rapidly, China lacks freshwater resources. The water resources per capita are low in China and are less than a quarter of the global mean value. The development and utilization of desalination, a new unconventional water resource in coastal areas, has gradually attracted the attention of the central and local governments. This paper introduces three aspects of the comprehensive utilization of seawater in China, including the desalination of seawater, the direct use of seawater, and the use of seawater as a chemical resource. Based on the recent status (2017) of comprehensive seawater utilization in China, the prospects for optimizing the utilization of seawater resources are presented. Furthermore, the restrictive factors and potential countermeasures for the increased use of seawater desalination are investigated. Several recommendations are presented, specifically, improving the laws, using regulations and standards related to desalination, strengthening the policies that support enterprises that use desalination, gradually improving the localization rate of key technologies and equipment, and devoting additional attention to the problems associated with brine processing. Seawater is expected to become an important supplemental source of water in coastal areas of China, and the resources needed for its use will be developed as a strategic and influential industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: desalination; direct use of seawater; chemical resource; industrial cycle; countermeasures; China desalination; direct use of seawater; chemical resource; industrial cycle; countermeasures; China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gong, S.; Wang, H.; Zhu, Z.; Bai, Q.; Wang, C. Comprehensive Utilization of Seawater in China: A Description of the Present Situation, Restrictive Factors and Potential Countermeasures. Water 2019, 11, 397.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop