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Water 2019, 11(2), 237; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020237

Experimental Investigation on Mean Flow Development of a Three-Dimensional Wall Jet Confined by a Vertical Baffle

1
Key Laboratory of Hydraulic and Waterway Engineering of the Ministry of Education, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China
2
Key Laboratory of Navigation Structure Construction Technology, Ministry of Transport, Nanjing 210029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 27 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydraulics and Hydroinformatics)
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Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) confined wall jets have various engineering applications related to efficient energy dissipation. This paper presents experimental measurements of mean flow development for a 3D rectangular wall jet confined by a vertical baffle with a fixed distance (400 mm) from its surface to the nozzle. Experiments were performed at three different Reynolds numbers of 8333, 10,000 and 11,666 based on jet exit velocity and square root of jet exit area (named as B), with water depth of 100 mm. Detailed measurements of current jet were taken using a particle image velocimetry technique. The results indicate that the confined jet seems to behave like an undisturbed jet until 16B downstream. Beyond this position, however, the mean flow development starts to be gradually affected by the baffle confinement. The baffle increases the decay and spreading of the mean flow from 16B to 23B. The decay rate of 1.11 as well as vertical and lateral growth rates of 0.04 and 0.19, respectively, were obtained for the present study, and also fell well within the range of values which correspond to the results in the radial decay region for the unconfined case. In addition, the measurements of the velocity profiles, spreading rates and velocity decay were also found to be independent of Reynolds number. Therefore, the flow field in this region appears to have fully developed at least 4B earlier than the unconfined case. Further downstream (after 23B), the confinement becomes more pronounced. The vertical spreading of current jet shows a distinct increase, while the lateral growth was found to be decreased significantly. It can be also observed that the maximum mean velocity decreases sharply close to the baffle. View Full-Text
Keywords: experiment; particle image velocimetry; 3D confined wall jet; mean flow experiment; particle image velocimetry; 3D confined wall jet; mean flow
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, M.; Huang, H.; Zhang, X.; Lv, S.; Li, R. Experimental Investigation on Mean Flow Development of a Three-Dimensional Wall Jet Confined by a Vertical Baffle. Water 2019, 11, 237.

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