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Water 2019, 11(2), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020247

Numerical Study of the Collapse of Multiple Bubbles and the Energy Conversion during Bubble Collapse

1,2,3
,
1,2,3,*
and
1,2,3
1
State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
2
Key Laboratory of Soft Machines and Smart Devices of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3
Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 31 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydraulics and Hydroinformatics)
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Abstract

This paper investigates numerically the collapses of both a single cavitation bubble and a cluster consisting of 8 bubbles, concerning mainly on the conversions between different forms of energy. Direct numerical simulation (DNS) with volume of fluid (VOF) method is applied, considering the detailed resolution of the vapor-liquid interfaces. First, for a single bubble near a solid wall, we find that the peak value of the wave energy, or equivalently the energy conversion rate decreases when the distance between the bubble and the wall is reduced. However, for the collapses of multiple bubbles, this relationship between the bubble-wall distance and the conversion rate reverses, implying a distinct physical mechanism. The evolutions of individual bubbles during the collapses of multiple bubbles are examined. We observe that when the bubbles are placed far away from the solid wall, the jetting flows induced by all bubbles point towards the cluster centre, while the focal point shifts towards the solid wall when the cluster is very close to the wall. We note that it is very challenging to consider thermal and acoustic damping mechanisms in the current numerical methods, which might be significant contributions to the energy budget, and we leave it open to the future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cavitation bubble; multiple bubble collapse; pressure wave energy; energy conversion rate cavitation bubble; multiple bubble collapse; pressure wave energy; energy conversion rate
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Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Deng, J. Numerical Study of the Collapse of Multiple Bubbles and the Energy Conversion during Bubble Collapse. Water 2019, 11, 247.

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