Numerical Study of the Collapse of Multiple Bubbles and the Energy Conversion during Bubble Collapse
AbstractThis paper investigates numerically the collapses of both a single cavitation bubble and a cluster consisting of 8 bubbles, concerning mainly on the conversions between different forms of energy. Direct numerical simulation (DNS) with volume of fluid (VOF) method is applied, considering the detailed resolution of the vapor-liquid interfaces. First, for a single bubble near a solid wall, we find that the peak value of the wave energy, or equivalently the energy conversion rate decreases when the distance between the bubble and the wall is reduced. However, for the collapses of multiple bubbles, this relationship between the bubble-wall distance and the conversion rate reverses, implying a distinct physical mechanism. The evolutions of individual bubbles during the collapses of multiple bubbles are examined. We observe that when the bubbles are placed far away from the solid wall, the jetting flows induced by all bubbles point towards the cluster centre, while the focal point shifts towards the solid wall when the cluster is very close to the wall. We note that it is very challenging to consider thermal and acoustic damping mechanisms in the current numerical methods, which might be significant contributions to the energy budget, and we leave it open to the future studies. View Full-Text
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Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Deng, J. Numerical Study of the Collapse of Multiple Bubbles and the Energy Conversion during Bubble Collapse. Water 2019, 11, 247.
Zhang J, Zhang L, Deng J. Numerical Study of the Collapse of Multiple Bubbles and the Energy Conversion during Bubble Collapse. Water. 2019; 11(2):247.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Lingxin; Deng, Jian. 2019. "Numerical Study of the Collapse of Multiple Bubbles and the Energy Conversion during Bubble Collapse." Water 11, no. 2: 247.
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