Next Article in Journal
Systematic Analysis of Geothermal Resources in the Coastal Bedrock Area of Chunxiao Town (China) by Using Geochemistry and Geophysics Methods
Next Article in Special Issue
Between Emulation and Assemblage: Analysing WFD Policy Transfer Outcomes in Turkey
Previous Article in Journal
Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Using Hydrological Connectivity Index and Artificial Neural Network Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Analysing the Role of Visions, Agency, and Niches in Historical Transitions in Watershed Management in the Lower Mississippi River
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2019, 11(2), 213;

How to Sustain Fisheries: Expert Knowledge from 34 Nations

CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 129, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 27 January 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [4074 KB, uploaded 8 February 2019]   |  
  |   Review Reports


Ensuring productive and sustainable fisheries involves understanding the complex interactions between biology, environment, politics, management and governance. Fisheries are faced with a range of challenges, and without robust and careful management in place, levels of anthropogenic disturbance on ecosystems and fisheries are likely to have a continuous negative impact on biodiversity and fish stocks worldwide. Fisheries management agencies, therefore, need to be both efficient and effective in working towards long-term sustainable ecosystems and fisheries, while also being resilient to political and socioeconomic pressures. Marine governance, i.e., the processes of developing and implementing decisions over fisheries, often has to account for socioeconomic issues (such as unemployment and business developments) when they attract political attention and resources. This paper addresses the challenges of (1) identifying the main issues in attempting to ensure the sustainability of fisheries, and (2) how to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and governance of marine systems. Utilising data gained from a survey of marine experts from 34 nations, we found that the main challenges perceived by fisheries experts were overfishing, habitat destruction, climate change and a lack of political will. Measures suggested to address these challenges did not demand any radical change, but included extant approaches, including ecosystem-based fisheries management with particular attention to closures, gear restrictions, use of individual transferable quotas (ITQs) and improved compliance, monitoring and control. View Full-Text
Keywords: ocean governance; fisheries management; ecosystem-based management; overfishing; sustainable fishing ocean governance; fisheries management; ecosystem-based management; overfishing; sustainable fishing

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nilsson, J.A.; Fulton, E.A.; Johnson, C.R.; Haward, M. How to Sustain Fisheries: Expert Knowledge from 34 Nations. Water 2019, 11, 213.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top