Next Article in Journal
Hydro-Meteorological Characterization of Major Floods in Spanish Mountain Rivers
Next Article in Special Issue
Resilient Urban Water Services for the 21th Century Society—Stakeholder Survey in Finland
Previous Article in Journal
Degradation of Micropollutants by UV–Chlorine Treatment in Reclaimed Water: pH Effects, Formation of Disinfectant Byproducts, and Toxicity Assay
Previous Article in Special Issue
Potential Health Risks Linked to Emerging Contaminants in Major Rivers and Treated Waters
Open AccessArticle

Factors Influencing the Adoption of Water Conservation Technologies by Smallholder Farmer Households in Tanzania

by Srijna Jha 1,2,*, Harald Kaechele 1,3 and Stefan Sieber 1,2
1
SusLAND: Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Eberswalder Straße 84, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt University Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10117 Berlin, Germany
3
Department of Landscape Management and Nature Conservation, Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development (HNEE), Schicklerstraße 5, 16225 Eberswalde, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(12), 2640; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122640
Received: 20 November 2019 / Revised: 3 December 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 13 December 2019
In Tanzania, the increasing population coupled with climate change amplifies issues of food insecurity and negatively impacts the livelihoods of smallholder farmer households. To address these issues a range of water conservation techniques (WCTs) have been useful. However, the adoption of these WCTs in Tanzania has been limited due to many reasons. With the objective to better understand and identify the factors that significantly influence the adoption of WCTs in Tanzania, the study uses survey data from 701 smallholder farmer households and a bivariate logistic regression, to provide, for the first time, a comprehensive model for the adoption of WCTs in Tanzania that includes a range of individual, household, socio-economic, and farmer perception related variables (factors). The evaluation shows that 120 farmers (17.12%) adopted WCTs and finds the farmer perceptions of rainfall instability, household wealth, and food security to be crucial. The results suggest that policy interventions should encourage conservation behavior (especially when the rainfall is perceived to be uncertain), emphasize the economic and food security-related benefits of adopting WCTs, include strategies that make adoption of WCTs attractive to female-led households, attempt to reach greater number of farmers via social networks and provide better access to public funds for farmers. View Full-Text
Keywords: decision-making; logit regression; farmer perceptions; social networks; public funds; water conservation adoption decision-making; logit regression; farmer perceptions; social networks; public funds; water conservation adoption
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jha, S.; Kaechele, H.; Sieber, S. Factors Influencing the Adoption of Water Conservation Technologies by Smallholder Farmer Households in Tanzania. Water 2019, 11, 2640.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop