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Open AccessArticle

Treatment of Effluents from the Textile Industry through Polyethersulfone Membranes

Materials Engineering Department, Membrane Development Laboratory, Federal University of Campina Grande—UFCG, Campina Grande, Paraiba 58429-104, Brazil
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Water 2019, 11(12), 2540; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122540
Received: 22 October 2019 / Revised: 23 November 2019 / Accepted: 27 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane Technologies and Water Treatment)
Membranes have been widely used in the treatment of industrial effluents. However, there are still some limitations in the separation and permeability with respect to these effluents. Therefore, this study investigated the addition of 1% and 5% of an inorganic filler (clay) in polyethersulfone polymer membranes. By contact angle analysis, it was observed that the clay influenced the hydrophilicity of the membrane. The presence of the clay had an important role in the morphology of the membrane, modifying and favoring a greater quantity of pores and macropores for the porous support. For the tensile test, it was seen that the high clay content decreased the membranes properties. The flow tests, having a flow stabilized around 300 L/h.m2 for membranes containing clay, evidenced the efficiency of the membrane for the treatment of indigo blue, representing a 200% increase in relation to polyethersulfone membrane. The membrane containing 1% of clay presented the highest level of rejection to the effluent, around 94.0%. Thus, it was evident that the addition of montmorillonite clay modified the membrane structure contributing to a higher selectivity and permeability.
Keywords: polymer membranes; polyethersulfone; industrial effluents treatment; indigo blue polymer membranes; polyethersulfone; industrial effluents treatment; indigo blue
MDPI and ACS Style

da Silva Barbosa Ferreira, R.; Florindo Salviano, A.; Sonaly Lima Oliveira, S.; Maria Araújo, E.; da Nóbrega Medeiros, V.; de Lucena Lira, H. Treatment of Effluents from the Textile Industry through Polyethersulfone Membranes. Water 2019, 11, 2540.

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