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Open AccessArticle

Validation of a Novel, Shear Reynolds Number Based Bed Load Transport Calculation Method for Mixed Sediments against Field Measurements

1
MTA-BME Water Management Research Group; Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rakpart 3, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
2
Department of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rakpart 3, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2051; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102051
Received: 30 July 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 27 September 2019 / Published: 30 September 2019
In this study, the field measurement-based validation of a novel sediment transport calculation method is presented. River sections with complex bed topography and inhomogeneous bed material composition highlight the need for an improved sediment transport calculation method. The complexity of the morphodynamic features (spatially and temporally varied bed material) can result in the simultaneous appearance of the gravel and finer sand dominated sediment transport (e.g., parallel bed armoring and siltation) at different regions within a shorter river reach. For the improvement purpose of sediment transport calculation in such complex river beds, a novel sediment transport method was elaborated. The base concept of it was the combined use of two already existing empirical sediment transport models. The method was already validated against laboratory measurements. The major goal of this study was the verification of the novel method with a real river case study. The combining of the two sediment transport models was based on the implementation of a recently presented classification method of the locally dominant sediment transport nature (gravel or sand transport dominates). The results were compared with measured bed change maps. The verification clearly referred to the meaningful improvement in the sediment transport calculation by the novel manner in the case of spatially varying bed content. View Full-Text
Keywords: bed load transport; shear Reynolds number; bed-armoring; bed-change; Danube; gravel–sand mixture; 3D CFD modeling bed load transport; shear Reynolds number; bed-armoring; bed-change; Danube; gravel–sand mixture; 3D CFD modeling
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Török, G.T.; Józsa, J.; Baranya, S. Validation of a Novel, Shear Reynolds Number Based Bed Load Transport Calculation Method for Mixed Sediments against Field Measurements. Water 2019, 11, 2051.

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