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Open AccessArticle

On the Use of Parametric Wind Models for Wind Wave Modeling under Tropical Cyclones

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Laboratorio de Ingeniería y Procesos Costeros, Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sisal 97356, Mexico
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Programa de Maestría y Doctorado en Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
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Laboratorio Nacional de Resiliencia Costera, Laboratorios Nacionales CONACYT, Sisal 97356, Mexico
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Departamento de Oceanografía Física, Centro de Investigación Científica y Educación Superior de Ensenada, Ensenada 22860, Mexico
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Environmental Hydraulics Institute “IHCantabria”, Universidad de Cantabria, Avda. Isabel Torres, 15, Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2044; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102044
Received: 13 August 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 30 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
Wave and wind forces from tropical cyclones are one of the main design parameters of coastal and offshore infrastructure in tropical areas. The estimation of ocean waves parameters in the design of structures in tropical areas is difficult due to the complexity of wind fields associated with tropical cyclones. The use of numerical wave models, forced with parametric wind fields, is a common practice within the climatic characterization of extreme events. However, there is currently no consensus on the selection of parametric models for wave prediction due to the lack of a rigorous assessment of different models. In this study, six well-known parametric wind models were tested, compared, and applied in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Therefore, the evaluation and comparison of the resulting wind and wave fields are presented, showing that a particular model may best represent a specific event, but, when dealing with a large number of events, the choice of a particular parametric wind model or a combination of them does not guarantee greater accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropical cyclones; parametric wind models; ocean waves; Gulf of Mexico tropical cyclones; parametric wind models; ocean waves; Gulf of Mexico
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Ruiz-Salcines, P.; Salles, P.; Robles-Díaz, L.; Díaz-Hernández, G.; Torres-Freyermuth, A.; Appendini, C.M. On the Use of Parametric Wind Models for Wind Wave Modeling under Tropical Cyclones. Water 2019, 11, 2044.

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