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Developing Strategy for Water Conflict Management and Transformation at Euphrates–Tigris Basin

Faculty of Geoscience and Geo-Engineering and Mining, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
Water 2019, 11(10), 2037; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102037
Received: 17 August 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 29 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
Developing water technology and management systems is not sufficient to cope with the water shortage, where political decisions might be considered as a critical element in this context. The Euphrates–Tigris basin has been suffering for decades from political instability and mismanagement. The tension over the water allocation that was on the negotiating table since the 1960s ended with no substantial agreement between the riparian countries (Iraq, Turkey and Syria). The objective is to evaluate the impact of the political dimension by creating a conceptual model for the hydropolitical cycle, addressing the importance of the negotiation concepts to reach an agreement; the research also aims to develop a strategy that might support the transformation from conflict to collaboration. The approaches of situation map and systems thinking have been implemented to build the model. The tools of negotiation skills have been adopted to assist the water conflict. The results describe the challenges within different levels and demonstrating the hydropolitical cycle and adding a sustain toolkit to the theory of water conflict and transformation management. Moreover, the paper produces the structure and workflow of establishing the Global Water Security Council. View Full-Text
Keywords: water conflict and transformation; hydropolitics; water hegemony; water governance; water policy; water security; Euphrates and Tigris; Middle East water conflict and transformation; hydropolitics; water hegemony; water governance; water policy; water security; Euphrates and Tigris; Middle East
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Muqdadi, S.W.H. Developing Strategy for Water Conflict Management and Transformation at Euphrates–Tigris Basin. Water 2019, 11, 2037.

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