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Open AccessArticle

Social Learning in Multilevel Flood Risk Governance: Lessons from the Dutch Room for the River Program

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Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
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International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Kortenaerkade 12, ‘s-Gravenhage; 2518 AX The Hague, The Netherlands
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Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, 469C Bukit Timah Road, #02-03C, Singapore 259772, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2032; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102032
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 28 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Risk Governance for More Resilience)
Although social learning is a key element of multilevel flood risk governance, it is hardly studied. This paper addresses this knowledge gap. The paper aims to identify enabling conditions for social learning in multilevel flood risks governance arrangements. We first conceptualize social learning and draw up a conceptual framework consisting of enabling conditions for social learning, using the literature on adaptive co-management, sustainable land and water management, and integrated flood risk management. Next, we apply this framework to analyze social learning in the context of the Dutch Room for the River program. Our interview results reveal that social learning about integrated flood protection measures took place at multiple levels. We found that a strong personal commitment to learning and mutual interpersonal trust in working groups are key conditions for successful social learning. Based on our analysis, we conclude with some recommendations for enhancing social learning processes in future flood protection programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: social learning; integrated flood risk management; Room for the River program; multilevel governance social learning; integrated flood risk management; Room for the River program; multilevel governance
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den Boer, J.; Dieperink, C.; Mukhtarov, F. Social Learning in Multilevel Flood Risk Governance: Lessons from the Dutch Room for the River Program. Water 2019, 11, 2032.

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