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Open AccessArticle

Identifying the Drivers of Water Consumption in Single-Family Households in Joinville, Southern Brazil

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Civil Engineering Department, Santa Catarina State University (UDESC), 89219-710 Joinville, SC, Brazil
2
Mathematics Department, Santa Catarina State University (UDESC), 89219-710 Joinville, SC, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 1990; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101990
Received: 19 August 2019 / Revised: 10 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
This study aims to identify the factors that may influence water consumption in single-family households in the city of Joinville, Southern Brazil. Through questionnaires, data were collected from 108 households in several neighborhoods of the city. The questionnaires contained open-ended and closed-ended questions involving the surrounding infrastructure, socio-economic and demographic characteristics, constructive characteristics, installed plumbing fixtures, and water-use habits, totaling 57 variables. The independent variables were correlated to monthly water consumption (m3/month/household) and per capita consumption (liters/person/day) of each household. The statistically significant variables that affected households water consumption were related to demographic characteristics such as number of residents and educational level, construction features (i.e., number of bathrooms, building age, and built area), the presence of water-efficient appliances and water conservation habits. The results obtained can contribute to the development of new studies on water consumption and sustainable policies and awareness on the importance of water conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: domestic water consumption; single-family households; demographic characteristics; construction features; water conservation habits; correlation analysis domestic water consumption; single-family households; demographic characteristics; construction features; water conservation habits; correlation analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Garcia, J.; Salfer, L.R.; Kalbusch, A.; Henning, E. Identifying the Drivers of Water Consumption in Single-Family Households in Joinville, Southern Brazil. Water 2019, 11, 1990. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101990

AMA Style

Garcia J, Salfer LR, Kalbusch A, Henning E. Identifying the Drivers of Water Consumption in Single-Family Households in Joinville, Southern Brazil. Water. 2019; 11(10):1990. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101990

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garcia, Janine; Salfer, Luis R.; Kalbusch, Andreza; Henning, Elisa. 2019. "Identifying the Drivers of Water Consumption in Single-Family Households in Joinville, Southern Brazil" Water 11, no. 10: 1990. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101990

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