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Integrating Hydrogeological and Microbiological Data and Modelling to Characterize the Hydraulic Features and Behaviour of Coastal Carbonate Aquifers: A Case in Western Cuba

1
Department of Geology, University of Pinar del Rio “Hermanos Saiz Montes de Oca”, Pinar del Río 20100, Cuba
2
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Chemistry, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
3
Department of Biosciences and Territory, University of Molise, 86090 Campobasso, Italy
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Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
5
Faculty of Chemistry, University of La Havana, Havana 10400, Cuba
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 1989; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101989
Received: 27 July 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 20 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
Carbonate aquifers are the primary source of freshwater in Cuba. Unfortunately, coastal groundwater is often contaminated by seawater intrusion. The main aim of the present study was to test the efficacy of an experimental modelling approach, ranging from hydrogeology/geomorphology to microbiology, to better characterise both the hydraulic features and behaviour of a coastal carbonate aquifer and acquire useful information to prevent groundwater salinization. The interdisciplinary approach was an effective tool in order to understand (i) the hydraulic role played by some fault zones; (ii) the influence of discontinuous heterogeneities on groundwater flow and saltwater wedge shape; (iii) mixing processes between different water bodies (groundwater, surface water, seawater); (iv) the role of karst conduits in influencing the step-like halocline within the mixing zone between fresh groundwater and seawater. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrological behaviour; carbonate coastal aquifer; saltwater wedge; multidisciplinary approach; western Cuba hydrological behaviour; carbonate coastal aquifer; saltwater wedge; multidisciplinary approach; western Cuba
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hernàndez-Diaz, R.; Petrella, E.; Bucci, A.; Naclerio, G.; Feo, A.; Sferra, G.; Chelli, A.; Zanini, A.; Gonzalez-Hernandez, P.; Celico, F. Integrating Hydrogeological and Microbiological Data and Modelling to Characterize the Hydraulic Features and Behaviour of Coastal Carbonate Aquifers: A Case in Western Cuba. Water 2019, 11, 1989. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101989

AMA Style

Hernàndez-Diaz R, Petrella E, Bucci A, Naclerio G, Feo A, Sferra G, Chelli A, Zanini A, Gonzalez-Hernandez P, Celico F. Integrating Hydrogeological and Microbiological Data and Modelling to Characterize the Hydraulic Features and Behaviour of Coastal Carbonate Aquifers: A Case in Western Cuba. Water. 2019; 11(10):1989. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101989

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hernàndez-Diaz, Rebeca; Petrella, Emma; Bucci, Antonio; Naclerio, Gino; Feo, Alessandra; Sferra, Gabriella; Chelli, Alessandro; Zanini, Andrea; Gonzalez-Hernandez, Patricia; Celico, Fulvio. 2019. "Integrating Hydrogeological and Microbiological Data and Modelling to Characterize the Hydraulic Features and Behaviour of Coastal Carbonate Aquifers: A Case in Western Cuba" Water 11, no. 10: 1989. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101989

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