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Open AccessCommentary

Development of an Ice Jam Flood Forecasting System for the Lower Oder River—Requirements for Real-Time Predictions of Water, Ice and Sediment Transport

1
Global Institute for Water Security, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 3H5, Canada
2
Institut für Wasserbau und Wasserwirtschaft, Technische Hochschule Nürnberg, 90489 Nürnberg, Germany
3
Landesamt für Umwelt Brandenburg, 15236 Frankfurt/Oder, Germany
4
Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute (BAW), 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany
5
Department of Inland Waterways, Regional Water Management Authority, 70-001 Szczecin, Poland
6
Astri Polska Sp. z o.o., 02-256 Warsaw, Poland
7
Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, 60-809 Poznań, Poland
8
Wasser-und Schifffahrtsverwaltung, 16225 Eberswalde, Germany
9
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 20-280 Lublin, Poland
10
Department of Hydrology and Water Management, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
11
Department of Geoinformatics and Cartography, University of Wrocław, 50-137 Wrocław, Poland
12
German Aerospace Centre (DLR), 82234 Weßling, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(1), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11010095
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 8 January 2019
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Abstract

Despite ubiquitous warming, the lower Oder River typically freezes over almost every year. Ice jams may occur during freeze-up and ice cover breakup phases, particularly in the middle and lower reaches of the river, with weirs and piers. The slush ice and ice blocks may accumulate to form ice jams, leading to backwater effects and substantial water level rise. The small bottom slope of the lower Oder and the tidal backflow from the Baltic Sea enhance the formation of ice jams during cold weather conditions, jeopardizing the dikes. Therefore, development of an ice jam flood forecasting system for the Oder River is much needed. This commentary presents selected results from an international workshop that took place in Wrocław (Poland) on 26–27 November 2018 that brought together an international team of experts to explore the requirements and research opportunities in the field of ice jam flood forecasting and risk assessment for the Oder River section along the German–Polish border. The workshop launched a platform for collaboration amongst Canadian, German and Polish scientists, government officials and water managers to pave a way forward for joint research focused on achieving the long-term goal of forecasting, assessing and mitigating ice jam impacts along the lower Oder. German and Polish government agencies are in need of new tools to forecast ice jams and assess their subsequent consequences and risks to communities and ship navigation along a river. Addressing these issues will also help research and ice flood management in a Canadian context. A research program would aim to develop a modelling system by addressing fundamental issues that impede the prediction of ice jam events and their consequences in cold regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood forecasting system; ice breaking; ice jam flooding; river ice monitoring; Oder River; remote sensing flood forecasting system; ice breaking; ice jam flooding; river ice monitoring; Oder River; remote sensing
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Lindenschmidt, K.-E.; Carstensen, D.; Fröhlich, W.; Hentschel, B.; Iwicki, S.; Kögel, M.; Kubicki, M.; Kundzewicz, Z.W.; Lauschke, C.; Łazarów, A.; Łoś, H.; Marszelewski, W.; Niedzielski, T.; Nowak, M.; Pawłowski, B.; Roers, M.; Schlaffer, S.; Weintrit, B. Development of an Ice Jam Flood Forecasting System for the Lower Oder River—Requirements for Real-Time Predictions of Water, Ice and Sediment Transport. Water 2019, 11, 95.

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