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Open AccessArticle

The Application of a Multi-Beam Echo-Sounder in the Analysis of the Sedimentation Situation of a Large Reservoir after an Earthquake

1
Postdoctoral Research Station, China Three Gorges Corporation, Beijing 100038, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
3
Power China Chengdu Engineering Corporation Limited, Chengdu 610072, China
4
China Three Gorges Projects Development Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610094, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(5), 557; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050557
Received: 22 March 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
The Wenchuan Earthquake took place in the upper reach catchment of the Min River. It resulted in large amounts of loose materials gathering in the river channel, leading to changes in the sediment transport system in this area. The Zipingpu Reservoir is the last and the largest reservoir located in the upper reach of the Min River. It is near the epicenter and receives sediment from upstream. This paper puts forward a study on the reservoir sedimentation and storage capacity of the Zipingpu Reservoir, employing a multi-beam echo-sounder system in December 2012. Then, the data were merged with digital line graphics and shuttle radar topography mission data in ArcGIS to build a digital elevation model and triangulate the irregular network of Zipingpu Reservoir. Via the analysis of the bathymetric data, the results show the following: (1) The main channels of the reservoir gradually aggrade to a flat bottom from the deep-cutting valley. Sedimentation forms a reach with a W-shaped longitudinal thalweg profile and an almost zero slope reach in the upstream section of the reservoir due to the natural barrier induced by a landslide; (2) The loss ratios of the wetted cross-section surface are higher than 10% in the upstream section of the reservoir and higher than 40% in the natural barrier area; (3) Comparing the surveyed area storage capacity of December 2012 with March 2008, the Zipingpu Reservoir has lost 15.28% of its capacity at the dead storage water level and 10.49% of its capacity at the flood limit water level. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-beam echo-sounder; Zipingpu Reservoir; sediment deposition; topographical change; capacity loss multi-beam echo-sounder; Zipingpu Reservoir; sediment deposition; topographical change; capacity loss
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Yan, Z.-L.; Qin, L.-L.; Wang, R.; Li, J.; Wang, X.-M.; Tang, X.-L.; An, R.-D. The Application of a Multi-Beam Echo-Sounder in the Analysis of the Sedimentation Situation of a Large Reservoir after an Earthquake. Water 2018, 10, 557.

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