Land Water-Storage Variability over West Africa: Inferences from Space-Borne Sensors
AbstractThe potential of terrestrial water storage (TWS) inverted from Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) measurements to investigate water variations and their response to droughts over the Volta, Niger, and Senegal Basins of West Africa was investigated. An altimetry-imagery approach was proposed to deduce the contribution of Lake Volta to TWS as “sensed” by GRACE. The results showed that from April 2002 to July 2016, Lake Volta contributed to approximately 8.8% of the water gain within the Volta Basin. As the signal spreads out far from the lake, it impacts both the Niger and Senegal Basins with 1.7% (at a significance level of 95%). This figure of 8.8% for the Volta Basin is approximately 20% of the values reported in previous works. Drought analysis based on GRACE-TWS (after removing the lake’s contribution) depicted below-normal conditions prevailing from 2002 to 2008. Wavelet analysis revealed that TWS changes (fluxes) and rainfall as well as vegetation index depicted a highly coupled relationship at the semi-annual to biennial periods, with common power covariance prevailing in the annual frequencies. While acknowledging that validation of the drought occurrence and severity based on GRACE-TWS is needed, we believe that our findings shall contribute to the water management over West Africa. View Full-Text
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Ferreira, V.G.; Asiah, Z.; Xu, J.; Gong, Z.; Andam-Akorful, S.A. Land Water-Storage Variability over West Africa: Inferences from Space-Borne Sensors. Water 2018, 10, 380.
Ferreira VG, Asiah Z, Xu J, Gong Z, Andam-Akorful SA. Land Water-Storage Variability over West Africa: Inferences from Space-Borne Sensors. Water. 2018; 10(4):380.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ferreira, Vagner G.; Asiah, Zibrila; Xu, Jia; Gong, Zheng; Andam-Akorful, Samuel A. 2018. "Land Water-Storage Variability over West Africa: Inferences from Space-Borne Sensors." Water 10, no. 4: 380.
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