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Numerical Simulation of Liquid Sloshing with Different Filling Levels Using OpenFOAM and Experimental Validation

1 and 1,2,*
College of Harbour Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(12), 1752;
Received: 3 November 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 23 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
PDF [6833 KB, uploaded 3 December 2018]


A series of numerical simulations were performed to explore the influences of filling level, excitation frequency and amplitude on liquid sloshing by using the open source Computational Fluid Dynamics toolbox OpenFOAM (Open Field Operation and Manipulation), which was fully validated by the experimental data. The results show that the dynamic impact pressure is proportional to the external excitation amplitude only in non-resonance frequency ranges. Pressure-frequency response curves demonstrate a transition process from a ‘soft-spring’ response to a ‘hard-spring’ response following the changes of the filling level. Such a transition process is found to be dominated by the ratio of the filling level to tank length and the critical value can be obtained. It is also found that wave breaking influences the period of sloshing wave in tanks and ultimately alters the resonance frequency from the linear theory. View Full-Text
Keywords: sloshing; filling level; pressure-frequency response; OpenFOAM; experiment sloshing; filling level; pressure-frequency response; OpenFOAM; experiment

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Chen, Y.; Xue, M.-A. Numerical Simulation of Liquid Sloshing with Different Filling Levels Using OpenFOAM and Experimental Validation. Water 2018, 10, 1752.

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