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Operational Strategies and Adaptation of RBF Well Construction to Cope with Climate Change Effects at Budapest, Hungary

Budapest Waterworks Ltd., H-1138 Budapest, Hungary
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Water 2018, 10(12), 1751; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10121751
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Efficiency of Bank Filtration and Post-Treatment)
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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to give an overview on the Hungarian experience of river bank filtration (RBF) systems. The study addresses the conflict, which arises between the stochastic character of river water quantity and quality, and the required standard of drinking-water supply. Trends in water levels, flow, and water quality are discussed, along with technical measures and operational rules that were developed for implementation of RBF systems. This paper also provides an overview of the average lifespan of the wells and operational strategies. The emerging reconstruction and reconditioning needs are highlighted, and existing alternatives are presented. Large-scale infrastructural elements, such as the Danube-based RBF systems, have to be adapted to a changing environment. The increasing frequency of floods and droughts stresses the need to implement climate-adapted RBF systems and related operational strategies. Operational strategies which were developed by the Budapest Waterworks to deal with extreme hydrological scenarios are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: river bank filtration; hydrological trends; sustainable water production; well structure remodeling river bank filtration; hydrological trends; sustainable water production; well structure remodeling
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Nagy-Kovács, Z.; László, B.; Simon, E.; Fleit, E. Operational Strategies and Adaptation of RBF Well Construction to Cope with Climate Change Effects at Budapest, Hungary. Water 2018, 10, 1751.

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