Tools for Communicating Agricultural Drought over the Brazilian Semiarid Using the Soil Moisture Index
AbstractSoil moisture over the Brazilian semiarid region is presented in different visualizations that highlight spatial, temporal and short-term agricultural risk. The analysis used the Soil Moisture Index (SMI), which is based on a normalization of soil moisture by field capacity and wilting point. The index was used to characterize the actual soil moisture conditions into categories from severe drought to very wet. In addition, the temporal evolution of SMI was implemented to visualize recent trends in short-term drought and response to rainfall events at daily time steps, as new data are available. Finally, a visualization of drought risk was developed by considering a critical value of SMI (assumed as 0.4), below which water stress is expected to be triggered in plants. A novel index based on continuous exposure to critical SMI was developed to help bring awareness of real time risk of water stress over the region: the Index of Stress in Agriculture (ISA). The index was tested during a drought over the region and successfully identified locations under water stress for periods of three days or more. The monitoring tools presented here help to describe the real time conditions of drought over the region using daily observations. The information from those tools support decisions on agricultural management such as planting dates, triggering of irrigation, or harvesting. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Zeri, M.; S. Alvalá, R.C.; Carneiro, R.; Cunha-Zeri, G.; Costa, J.M.; Rossato Spatafora, L.; Urbano, D.; Vall-Llossera, M.; Marengo, J. Tools for Communicating Agricultural Drought over the Brazilian Semiarid Using the Soil Moisture Index. Water 2018, 10, 1421.
Zeri M, S. Alvalá RC, Carneiro R, Cunha-Zeri G, Costa JM, Rossato Spatafora L, Urbano D, Vall-Llossera M, Marengo J. Tools for Communicating Agricultural Drought over the Brazilian Semiarid Using the Soil Moisture Index. Water. 2018; 10(10):1421.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zeri, Marcelo; S. Alvalá, Regina C.; Carneiro, Rogério; Cunha-Zeri, Gisleine; Costa, José M.; Rossato Spatafora, Luciana; Urbano, Domingos; Vall-Llossera, Mercè; Marengo, José. 2018. "Tools for Communicating Agricultural Drought over the Brazilian Semiarid Using the Soil Moisture Index." Water 10, no. 10: 1421.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.