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Prediction of Water Inflow in Subsea Tunnels under Blasting Vibration

Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Research Center, Shandong University, Ji’nan 250061, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(10), 1336;
Received: 6 August 2018 / Revised: 1 September 2018 / Accepted: 18 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
PDF [6203 KB, uploaded 27 September 2018]


The subsea tunnel of Qingdao metro line 1 has been excavated using the drill and blast method. Blasting vibration during tunneling may cause larger water inflow and even severe security risks and considerable economic losses. However, the prediction of water inflow in subsea tunnels under blasting vibration still remains a challenging problem. Thus, this paper proposes an approach combining tests and numerical calculations for analyzing this problem. The approach is developed by analyzing the mechanical and deformation characteristics of the surrounding rock through a laboratory triaxial compression test and then establishing the strain softening constitutive model of the surrounding rock. Based on the elastic compression theory of porous media and the cubic law of fractured rock mass, we establish and analyze the evolution model of the permeability characteristics during the damage process of the surrounding rock. Then, a Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua in 3 Dimensions (FLAC3D) is used to verify the rationality and accuracy of the model. According to the actual blasting design scheme, the surrounding rock constitutive model, and the permeability characteristic evolution model, the blasting process and water inflow of the subsea tunnel is simulated. The amount of water inflow in the subsea tunnel calculated by using the permeability coefficient under blasting vibration (PCuBV) is compared with the measured water inflow and the amount of water inflow calculated by using the exploration permeability coefficient (EPC) and the initial permeability coefficient (IPC) of the surrounding rock. The results show that the prediction of water inflow quantity under blasting vibration is both closer to reality and more reasonable than existing models. View Full-Text
Keywords: subsea tunnel; blasting vibration; water inflow; strain softening; infiltration characteristic; FLAC3D subsea tunnel; blasting vibration; water inflow; strain softening; infiltration characteristic; FLAC3D

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Liu, R.; Liu, Y.; Xin, D.; Li, S.; Zheng, Z.; Ma, C.; Zhang, C. Prediction of Water Inflow in Subsea Tunnels under Blasting Vibration. Water 2018, 10, 1336.

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