Next Article in Journal
Comparison of Measurement-Based Methodologies to Apportion Secondary Organic Carbon (SOC) in PM2.5: A Review of Recent Studies
Next Article in Special Issue
Expected Changes of Montenegrin Climate, Impact on the Establishment and Spread of the Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus), and Validation of the Model and Model-Based Field Sampling
Previous Article in Journal
Sensitivity of Glacier Runoff to Winter Snow Thickness Investigated for Vatnajökull Ice Cap, Iceland, Using Numerical Models and Observations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Environmentally-Related Cherry Root Cambial Plasticity
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2018, 9(11), 451; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9110451

The Impact of Adverse Weather and Climate on the Width of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Tree Rings in Southeastern Europe

1
Faculty of Agriculture, University of East Sarajevo, East Sarajevo 71123, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2
Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21101, Serbia
3
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21101, Serbia
4
Slovenian Forestry Institute, Vecna pot 2, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2018 / Revised: 30 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 15 November 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [4523 KB, uploaded 15 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) is the most important deciduous tree species in Europe. According to different climate scenarios, there is a relatively high probability of a massive decline in and loss of beech forests in southern Europe and in the southern part of central Europe. Thus, the authors of this study explored the dynamics of tree diameter increments and the influence of extremely dry years on the width of tree rings. This study used dendroecological methods to analyze the growth and diameter increments of European beech trees at locations in Serbia and the Republic of Srpska. The sampling was conducted along the vertical distribution of beech forests, at five sites at the lower limit of the distribution, at five optimal sites of the distribution, and at five sites at the upper limit of the distribution. Long-term analyses indicate that dry conditions during a growing season can reduce tree-ring width, but a reduction in tree growth can be expected as a result of more than one season of unfavorable conditions. Low temperatures in autumn and winter and prolonged winters can strongly affect upcoming vegetation and reduce tree development even under normal thermal conditions during a growing season. View Full-Text
Keywords: European beech; climate change; drought; air temperature; precipitation; tree rings; dendrochronology European beech; climate change; drought; air temperature; precipitation; tree rings; dendrochronology
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Stjepanović, S.; Matović, B.; Stojanović, D.; Lalić, B.; Levanič, T.; Orlović, S.; Gutalj, M. The Impact of Adverse Weather and Climate on the Width of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Tree Rings in Southeastern Europe. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 451.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top