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Open AccessArticle

On the Implementation of a Regional X-Band Weather Radar Network

LaMMA Consortium, via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino (FI) 50019, Italy
CNR IBIMET, Via Giovanni Caproni 8, Firenze 50145, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guifu Zhang
Atmosphere 2017, 8(2), 25;
Received: 5 November 2016 / Revised: 12 January 2017 / Accepted: 19 January 2017 / Published: 26 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radar Meteorology)
In the last few years, the number of worldwide operational X-band weather radars has rapidly been growing, thanks to an established technology that offers reliability, high performance, and reduced efforts and costs for installation and maintenance, with respect to the more widespread C- and S-band systems. X-band radars are particularly suitable for nowcasting activities, as those operated by the LaMMA (Laboratory of Monitoring and Environmental Modelling for the sustainable development) Consortium in the framework of its institutional duties of operational meteorological surveillance. In fact, they have the capability to monitor precipitation, resolving very local scales, with good spatial and temporal details, although with a reduced scanning range. The Consortium has recently installed a small network of X-band weather radars that partially overlaps and completes the existing national radar network over the north Tyrrhenian area. This paper describes the implementation of this regional network, detailing the aspects related with the radar signal processing chain that provides the final reflectivity composite, starting from the acquisition of the signal power data. The network performances are then qualitatively assessed for three case studies characterised by different precipitation regimes and different seasons. Results are satisfactory especially during intense precipitations, particularly regarding what concerns their spatial and temporal characterisation. View Full-Text
Keywords: X-band weather radar; signal processing; radar networking X-band weather radar; signal processing; radar networking
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Antonini, A.; Melani, S.; Corongiu, M.; Romanelli, S.; Mazza, A.; Ortolani, A.; Gozzini, B. On the Implementation of a Regional X-Band Weather Radar Network. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 25.

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