Next Article in Journal
Submicron Particle-Bound Mercury in University Teaching Rooms: A Summer Study from Two Polish Cities
Next Article in Special Issue
A Study of Preliminary Breakdown and Return Stroke Processes in High-Intensity Negative Lightning Discharges
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Horizontal Electric Field in the Vicinity of Structures Hit by Lightning

ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances

Department of Geosciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv-Yafo 6997801, Israel
Academic Editors: Vernon Cooray and Rachidi-Haeri Farhad
Atmosphere 2016, 7(9), 116;
Received: 15 August 2016 / Revised: 1 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 September 2016 / Published: 15 September 2016
Lightning produces electromagnetic fields and waves in all frequency ranges. In the extremely low frequency (ELF) range below 100 Hz, the global Schumann Resonances (SR) are excited at frequencies of 8 Hz, 14 Hz, 20 Hz, etc. This review is aimed at the reader generally unfamiliar with the Schumann Resonances. First some historical context to SR research is given, followed by some theoretical background and examples of the extensive use of Schumann resonances in a variety of lightning-related studies in recent years, ranging from estimates of the spatial and temporal variations in global lighting activity, connections to global climate change, transient luminous events and extraterrestrial lightning. Both theoretical and experimental results of the global resonance phenomenon are presented. It is our hope that this review will increase the interest in SR among researchers previously unfamiliar with this phenomenon. View Full-Text
Keywords: Schumann resonance; lightning; ELF Schumann resonance; lightning; ELF
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Price, C. ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 116.

AMA Style

Price C. ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances. Atmosphere. 2016; 7(9):116.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Price, Colin. 2016. "ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances" Atmosphere 7, no. 9: 116.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop