Next Article in Journal
Atmospheric Black Carbon along a Cruise Path through the Arctic Ocean during the Fifth Chinese Arctic Research Expedition
Next Article in Special Issue
Mercury Plumes in the Global Upper Troposphere Observed during Flights with the CARIBIC Observatory from May 2005 until June 2013
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing the Influence of Seasonal and Spatial Variations on the Estimation of Secondary Organic Carbon in Urban Particulate Matter by Applying the EC-Tracer Method
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mercury Speciation at a Coastal Site in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: Results from the Grand Bay Intensive Studies in Summer 2010 and Spring 2011
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2014, 5(2), 273-291;

Tracing Sources of Total Gaseous Mercury to Yongheung Island off the Coast of Korea

Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, 192-1, Hyoja-2-dong, Chuncheon, 200-701 Gangwon-do, Korea
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA
Department of Environmental & Energy Engineering, Anyang University, 22 Samdeok-ro, Manan-gu, Anyang, 430-714 Gyeonggi-do, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2014 / Revised: 11 April 2014 / Accepted: 15 April 2014 / Published: 30 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Mercury)
PDF [1509 KB, uploaded 6 May 2014]


In this study, total gaseous mercury (TGM) concentrations were measured on Yongheung Island off the coast of Korea between mainland Korea and Eastern China in 2013. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the impact of local mainland Korean sources and regional Chinese sources on local TGM concentrations using multiple tools including the relationship with other pollutants, meteorological data, conditional probability function, backward trajectories, and potential source contribution function (PSCF) receptor modeling. Among the five sampling campaigns, two sampling periods were affected by both mainland Korean and regional sources, one was caused by mainland vehicle emissions, another one was significantly impacted by regional sources, and, in the remaining period, Hg volatilization from oceans was determined to be a significant source and responsible for the increase in TGM concentration. PSCF identified potential source areas located in metropolitan areas, western coal-fired power plant locations, and the southeastern industrial area of Korea as well as the Liaoning province, the largest Hg emitting province in China. In general, TGM concentrations generally showed morning peaks (07:00~12:00) and was significantly correlated with solar radiation during all sampling periods. View Full-Text
Keywords: mercury; total gaseous mercury; back-trajectory; PSCF; Chinese source; Korean source mercury; total gaseous mercury; back-trajectory; PSCF; Chinese source; Korean source

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, G.S.; Kim, P.R.; Han, Y.J.; Holsen, T.M.; Lee, S.H. Tracing Sources of Total Gaseous Mercury to Yongheung Island off the Coast of Korea. Atmosphere 2014, 5, 273-291.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top