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Article

How Effective and Prerequisite Are Electromagnetic Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Recordings in the Schumann Resonances Band to Function as Seismic Activity Precursors

1
Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Academy of Athens, 15126 Athens, Greece
2
Mariolopoulos-Kanaginis Foundation for Environmental Sciences, 10675 Athens, Greece
3
Institute of Electronics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
4
Electronics-Telecommunications and Applications Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Panagiota Preka-Papadema and Chris G. Tzanis
Atmosphere 2022, 13(2), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020185
Received: 13 December 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 20 January 2022 / Published: 24 January 2022
ELF recordings, especially in the 0–50 Hz range (Schumann Resonances), have gained great interest during the last twenty years because of their possible relation to many geophysical, climatological, solar, and even biological phenomena, which several well-known scientists have reported. A very important question that still has not been answered is whether some particular variations in the Schumann Resonances (SR) band operate as precursors of forthcoming seismic activity. Greece and the wider Mediterranean area are a very seismic territory where medium size earthquakes (4–6.5 Richter) occur very often, contributing to a high percentage of the natural hazards of the area. In our effort to make evident how effective and prerequisite SR recordings are in the detection of forthcoming earthquakes, we analyze data collected for almost five years by two SR stations located in the north and the south edge of the Greek territory, respectively. We have come to the conclusion that particular SR modulations are very useful in the predictability of forthcoming seismic activity, but they need to be completed with additional observations of adjoining effects which can contribute to the final decision. View Full-Text
Keywords: Schumann Resonances; earthquake prediction; ELF/ULF waves Schumann Resonances; earthquake prediction; ELF/ULF waves
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tritakis, V.; Contopoulos, I.; Mlynarczyk, J.; Christofilakis, V.; Tatsis, G.; Repapis, C. How Effective and Prerequisite Are Electromagnetic Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Recordings in the Schumann Resonances Band to Function as Seismic Activity Precursors. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020185

AMA Style

Tritakis V, Contopoulos I, Mlynarczyk J, Christofilakis V, Tatsis G, Repapis C. How Effective and Prerequisite Are Electromagnetic Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Recordings in the Schumann Resonances Band to Function as Seismic Activity Precursors. Atmosphere. 2022; 13(2):185. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tritakis, Vasilis, Ioannis Contopoulos, Janusz Mlynarczyk, Vasilis Christofilakis, Giorgos Tatsis, and Christos Repapis. 2022. "How Effective and Prerequisite Are Electromagnetic Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Recordings in the Schumann Resonances Band to Function as Seismic Activity Precursors" Atmosphere 13, no. 2: 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020185

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