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Article

Study on the Agricultural Air Pollution Aggravated by the Rural Labor Migration

1
School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2
China Bohai Bank Co., Ltd., Tianjin 300012, China
3
Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology, Shenzhen 518172, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zengyun Hu, Xuguang Tang and Qinchuan Xin
Atmosphere 2022, 13(2), 174; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020174
Received: 30 December 2021 / Revised: 13 January 2022 / Accepted: 20 January 2022 / Published: 21 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Climate Simulation and Observation)
In recent years, air pollution has received serious concerns from researchers, media, and the public sectors, but air pollution from agricultural production activities has not received enough attention. This paper focuses on agricultural air pollution in central China, which is aggravated by the ongoing rural labor migration trend. With a set of panel data released from Hubei and Hunan provinces in China, we adopt the mediating effect model to explore the relationship between rural labor migration and air pollution caused by agricultural activity in China. First, we use the inventory analysis method and principal component analysis method to calculate the comprehensive index of the air pollution of agriculture in 152 counties and districts from Hubei and Hunan provinces, and we empirically test the impact of labor migration on air pollution with a mediating effect model as well as carry out regional heterogeneity analysis on the pollution effect of these two provinces mentioned above. The analysis above indicates that the increase of labor migration has intensified the comprehensive index of air pollution caused by agricultural activity by changing the supply of labor force in the agricultural sector, the budget line of rural residents, and the scale of agricultural production and crop planting structure, but there is a difference in the indirect total effect between the two provinces mentioned above according to our regional heterogeneity analysis. This study is a necessary extension to studies on alleviating and controlling air pollution in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural air pollution; labor migration; mediation effect; income effect; economy of scale agricultural air pollution; labor migration; mediation effect; income effect; economy of scale
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; You, S.; Li, N.; Fang, J.; Jia, J.; Li, X.; Ren, J. Study on the Agricultural Air Pollution Aggravated by the Rural Labor Migration. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020174

AMA Style

Liu Y, You S, Li N, Fang J, Jia J, Li X, Ren J. Study on the Agricultural Air Pollution Aggravated by the Rural Labor Migration. Atmosphere. 2022; 13(2):174. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020174

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Ying, Shibing You, Nan Li, Junsheng Fang, Jie Jia, Xuesong Li, and Jingru Ren. 2022. "Study on the Agricultural Air Pollution Aggravated by the Rural Labor Migration" Atmosphere 13, no. 2: 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020174

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