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Article

Experimental Comparative Study between Conventional and Green Parking Lots: Analysis of Subsurface Thermal Behavior under Warm and Dry Summer Conditions

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Université de Bordeaux, CNRS UMR 5295, I2M Bordeaux, 351 Cours de la Libération, 33400 Talence, France
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INRAE, LERMaB, Université de Lorraine, 88000 Epinal, France
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Centre for Ecological Research, Institute of Ecology and Botany, H-2163 Vácrátót, Hungary
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Department of Climatology and Landscape Ecology, University of Szeged, 2 Egyetem Str., H-6722 Szeged, Hungary
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Junia, Université de Lille, Université d’Artois, IMT Lille Douai, ULR 4515-LGCgE, Laboratoire de Génie Civil et Géo-Environnement, 59000 Lille, France
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O2D Environnement, 117 Rue Pierre Brizon, 59810 Lesquin, France
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Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture et de Paysage de Bordeaux, Laboratoire GRECCAU, 740 Cours de la Libération, CS 70109, CEDEX, 33405 Talence, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dragan Milosevic, Britta Jänicke, Yuliya Dzyuban and Michael Allen
Atmosphere 2021, 12(8), 994; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12080994
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 27 July 2021 / Accepted: 29 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
Green infrastructure has a role to play in climate change adaptation strategies in cities. Alternative urban spaces should be designed considering new requirements in terms of urban microclimate and thermal comfort. Pervious pavements such as green parking lots can contribute to this goal through solar evaporative cooling. However, the cooling benefits of such systems remain under debate during dry and warm periods. The aim of this study was to compare experimentally the thermal behavior of different parking lot types (PLTs) with vegetated urban soil. Four parking lots were instrumented, with temperature probes buried at different depths. Underground temperatures were measured during summer 2019, and the hottest days of the period were analyzed. Results show that the less mineral used in the surface coating, the less it warms up. The temperature difference at the upper layer can reach 10 °C between mineral and non-mineral PLTs. PLTs can be grouped into three types: (i) high surface temperature during daytime and nighttime, important heat transfer toward the sublayers, and low time shift (asphalt system); (ii) high (resp. low) surface temperature during daytime (resp. nighttime), weak heat transfer toward the sublayers, and important time shift (paved stone system); and (iii) low surface temperature during daytime and nighttime, weak heat transfer toward the sublayers, and important time shift (vegetation and substrate system, wood chips system, vegetated urban soil). The results of this study underline that pervious pavements demonstrate thermal benefits under warm and dry summer conditions compared to conventional parking lot solutions. The results also indicate that the hygrothermal properties of urban materials are crucial for urban heat island mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: green infrastructure; green parking lot; in-situ measurement; nature-based solutions; pervious pavement; soil temperature green infrastructure; green parking lot; in-situ measurement; nature-based solutions; pervious pavement; soil temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouzouidja, R.; Leconte, F.; Kiss, M.; Pierret, M.; Pruvot, C.; Détriché, S.; Louvel, B.; Bertout, J.; Aketouane, Z.; Vogt Wu, T.; Goiffon, R.; Colin, B.; Pétrissans, A.; Lagière, P.; Pétrissans, M. Experimental Comparative Study between Conventional and Green Parking Lots: Analysis of Subsurface Thermal Behavior under Warm and Dry Summer Conditions. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 994. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12080994

AMA Style

Bouzouidja R, Leconte F, Kiss M, Pierret M, Pruvot C, Détriché S, Louvel B, Bertout J, Aketouane Z, Vogt Wu T, Goiffon R, Colin B, Pétrissans A, Lagière P, Pétrissans M. Experimental Comparative Study between Conventional and Green Parking Lots: Analysis of Subsurface Thermal Behavior under Warm and Dry Summer Conditions. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(8):994. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12080994

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bouzouidja, Ryad, François Leconte, Márton Kiss, Margaux Pierret, Christelle Pruvot, Sébastien Détriché, Brice Louvel, Julie Bertout, Zakaria Aketouane, Tingting Vogt Wu, Rémy Goiffon, Baptiste Colin, Anélie Pétrissans, Philippe Lagière, and Mathieu Pétrissans. 2021. "Experimental Comparative Study between Conventional and Green Parking Lots: Analysis of Subsurface Thermal Behavior under Warm and Dry Summer Conditions" Atmosphere 12, no. 8: 994. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12080994

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