Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of a Novel Poultry Litter Amendment on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Next Article in Special Issue
Air Quality in Southeast Brazil during COVID-19 Lockdown: A Combined Satellite and Ground-Based Data Analysis
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Effects of COVID-Induced Mobility Restrictions and Weather Conditions on Air Quality in Hungary
Article

Evolution of Gaseous and Particulate Pollutants in the Air: What Changed after Five Lockdown Weeks at a Southwest Atlantic European Region (Northwest of Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic?

1
Grupo Química Analítica Aplicada (QANAP), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Instituto Universitario de Medio Ambiente (IUMA), Centro de Investigaciones Científicas Avanzadas (CICA), University of A Coruña, Campus de A Coruña, s/n, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
2
Rede de Calidade do Aire de Galicia, MeteoGalicia, Subdirección Xeral de Meteoroloxía e Cambio Climático, Dirección Xeral de Calidade Ambiental e Cambio Climático, Consellería de Medio Ambiente, Territorio e Vivenda, Xunta de Galicia, Edificio Administrativo de San Lázaro, 15781 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gunnar W. Schade, Nicole Mölders, Daniele Contini, Gabriele Curci, Francesca Costabile, Prashant Kumar and Chris G. Tzanis
Atmosphere 2021, 12(5), 562; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050562
Received: 7 April 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coronavirus Pandemic Shutdown Effects on Urban Air Quality)
Due to the exponential growth of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Spain (2020), the Spanish Government adopted lockdown measures as mitigating strategies to reduce the spread of the pandemic from 14 March. In this paper, we report the results of the change in air quality at two Atlantic Coastal European cities (Northwest Spain) during five lockdown weeks. The temporal evolution of gaseous (nitrogen oxides, comprising NOx, NO, and NO2; sulfur dioxide, SO2; carbon monoxide, CO; and ozone, O3) and particulate matter (PM10; PM2.5; and equivalent black carbon, eBC) pollutants were recorded before (7 February to 13 March 2020) and during the first five lockdown weeks (14 March to 20 April 2020) at seven air quality monitoring stations (urban background, traffic, and industrial) in the cities of A Coruña and Vigo. The influences of the backward trajectories and meteorological parameters on air pollutant concentrations were considered during the studied period. The temporal trends indicate that the concentrations of almost all species steadily decreased during the lockdown period with statistical significance, with respect to the pre-lockdown period. In this context, great reductions were observed for pollutants related mainly to fossil fuel combustion, road traffic, and shipping emissions (−38 to −78% for NO, −22 to −69% for NO2, −26 to −75% for NOx, −3 to −77% for SO2, −21% for CO, −25 to −49% for PM10, −10 to −38% for PM2.5, and −29 to −51% for eBC). Conversely, O3 concentrations increased from +5 to +16%. Finally, pollutant concentration data for 14 March to 20 April of 2020 were compared with those of the previous two years. The results show that the overall air pollutants levels were higher during 2018–2019 than during the lockdown period. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; lockdown; air quality; gaseous and particulate matter pollutants SARS-CoV-2; lockdown; air quality; gaseous and particulate matter pollutants
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Moreda-Piñeiro, J.; Sánchez-Piñero, J.; Fernández-Amado, M.; Costa-Tomé, P.; Gallego-Fernández, N.; Piñeiro-Iglesias, M.; López-Mahía, P.; Muniategui-Lorenzo, S. Evolution of Gaseous and Particulate Pollutants in the Air: What Changed after Five Lockdown Weeks at a Southwest Atlantic European Region (Northwest of Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic? Atmosphere 2021, 12, 562. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050562

AMA Style

Moreda-Piñeiro J, Sánchez-Piñero J, Fernández-Amado M, Costa-Tomé P, Gallego-Fernández N, Piñeiro-Iglesias M, López-Mahía P, Muniategui-Lorenzo S. Evolution of Gaseous and Particulate Pollutants in the Air: What Changed after Five Lockdown Weeks at a Southwest Atlantic European Region (Northwest of Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic? Atmosphere. 2021; 12(5):562. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050562

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreda-Piñeiro, Jorge, Joel Sánchez-Piñero, María Fernández-Amado, Paula Costa-Tomé, Nuria Gallego-Fernández, María Piñeiro-Iglesias, Purificación López-Mahía, and Soledad Muniategui-Lorenzo. 2021. "Evolution of Gaseous and Particulate Pollutants in the Air: What Changed after Five Lockdown Weeks at a Southwest Atlantic European Region (Northwest of Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic?" Atmosphere 12, no. 5: 562. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050562

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop