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Open AccessArticle

Investigation of Volcanic Emissions in the Mediterranean: “The Etna–Antikythera Connection”

1
National Observatory of Athens/IAASARS, 10560 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Research Centre for Atmospheric Physics and Climatology, Academy of Athens, 10680 Athens, Greece
4
Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
5
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Weßling, Germany
6
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analisi Ambientale (CNR-IMAA), 85100 Potenza, Italy
7
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo, 95100 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2021, 12(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010040
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evaluation and Optimization of Atmospheric Numerical Models)
Between 30 May and 6 June 2019 a series of new flanks eruptions interested the south-east flanks of Mt. Etna, Italy, forming lava flows and explosive activity that was most intense during the first day of the eruption; as a result, volcanic particles were dispersed towards Greece. Lidar measurements performed at the PANhellenic GEophysical observatory of Antikythera (PANGEA) of the National Observatory of Athens (NOA), in Greece, reveal the presence of particles of volcanic origin above the area the days following the eruption. FLEXible PARTicle dispersion model (FLEXPART) simulations and satellite-based SO2 observations from the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument onboard the Sentinel-5 Precursor (TROPOMI/S5P), confirm the volcanic plume transport from Etna towards PANGEA and possible mixing with co-existing desert dust particles. Lidar and modeled values are in agreement and the derived sulfate mass concentration is approximately 15 μg/m3. This is the first time that Etna volcanic products are monitored at Antikythera station, in Greece with implications for the investigation of their role in the Mediterranean weather and climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: volcanic emissions; long-range transport; lidar; FLEXPART model; TROPOMI/S5P; Etna volcanic emissions; long-range transport; lidar; FLEXPART model; TROPOMI/S5P; Etna
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kampouri, A.; Amiridis, V.; Solomos, S.; Gialitaki, A.; Marinou, E.; Spyrou, C.; Georgoulias, A.K.; Akritidis, D.; Papagiannopoulos, N.; Mona, L.; Scollo, S.; Tsichla, M.; Tsikoudi, I.; Pytharoulis, I.; Karacostas, T.; Zanis, P. Investigation of Volcanic Emissions in the Mediterranean: “The Etna–Antikythera Connection”. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010040

AMA Style

Kampouri A, Amiridis V, Solomos S, Gialitaki A, Marinou E, Spyrou C, Georgoulias AK, Akritidis D, Papagiannopoulos N, Mona L, Scollo S, Tsichla M, Tsikoudi I, Pytharoulis I, Karacostas T, Zanis P. Investigation of Volcanic Emissions in the Mediterranean: “The Etna–Antikythera Connection”. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(1):40. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kampouri, Anna; Amiridis, Vassilis; Solomos, Stavros; Gialitaki, Anna; Marinou, Eleni; Spyrou, Christos; Georgoulias, Aristeidis K.; Akritidis, Dimitris; Papagiannopoulos, Nikolaos; Mona, Lucia; Scollo, Simona; Tsichla, Maria; Tsikoudi, Ioanna; Pytharoulis, Ioannis; Karacostas, Theodore; Zanis, Prodromos. 2021. "Investigation of Volcanic Emissions in the Mediterranean: “The Etna–Antikythera Connection”" Atmosphere 12, no. 1: 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010040

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