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Article

Benefit Analysis of the 1st Spanish Air Pollution Control Programme on Health Impacts and Associated Externalities

1
Energy Systems Analysis Unit, Energy Department, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
3
Atmospheric Pollution Division, Environment Department, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
Application and Computer Systems Development Unit, Department of Technology, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2021, 12(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010032
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 19 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
This paper aims to provide scientific support for decision-making in the field of improving air quality by evaluating pollution reduction measures included in the current Spanish policy framework of the 1st National Air Pollution Control Programme (NAPCP). First, the health impacts of air quality are estimated by using the concentrations estimated by multiscale air quality modeling and the recommended concentration–response functions (CRF), specifically as a result of exposure to particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3). Second, the associated external costs are calculated by monetization techniques. Two scenarios are analyzed: a package including existing measures (WM2030) and a package with additional measures (WAM2030). Compared with the baseline scenario, an improvement was found in the health effects of NO2, PM10, and PM2.5, while for O3 there was a slight worsening, mainly due to the increase in the O3 metric used (SOMO35), which increases over some urban areas. Despite this, the monetary valuation of the total effects on health as a whole shows external benefits due to the adoption of measures (WM2030), compared with the reference scenario (no measures) of more than € 17.5 billion and, when considering the additional measures (WAM2030), benefits of about € 58.1 billion. View Full-Text
Keywords: health impact assessment; external costs; impact pathway; air pollution health impact assessment; external costs; impact pathway; air pollution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gamarra, A.R.; Lechón, Y.; Vivanco, M.G.; Garrido, J.L.; Martín, F.; Sánchez, E.; Theobald, M.R.; Gil, V.; Santiago, J.L. Benefit Analysis of the 1st Spanish Air Pollution Control Programme on Health Impacts and Associated Externalities. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010032

AMA Style

Gamarra AR, Lechón Y, Vivanco MG, Garrido JL, Martín F, Sánchez E, Theobald MR, Gil V, Santiago JL. Benefit Analysis of the 1st Spanish Air Pollution Control Programme on Health Impacts and Associated Externalities. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(1):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gamarra, Ana R., Yolanda Lechón, Marta G. Vivanco, Juan L. Garrido, Fernando Martín, Eugenio Sánchez, Mark R. Theobald, Victoria Gil, and José L. Santiago 2021. "Benefit Analysis of the 1st Spanish Air Pollution Control Programme on Health Impacts and Associated Externalities" Atmosphere 12, no. 1: 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12010032

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