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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Emission of Greenhouse Gases from Road Transport in Poland between 1990 and 2017

1
Institute of Environmental Protection–National Research Institute, National Centre for Emissions Management, 00-805 Warszawa, Poland
2
Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 02-524 Warszawa, Poland
3
Institute of Environmental Protection–National Research Institute, 00-548 Warszawa, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(4), 387; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11040387
Received: 12 March 2020 / Revised: 7 April 2020 / Accepted: 11 April 2020 / Published: 15 April 2020
The paper provides the results of the inventory of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from road transport in Poland over the period 1990–2017. To estimate GHGs’ emission from road transport, a standardized methodology was applied, consistent with 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and EEA/EMEP Emission Inventory Guidebook 2019, as well as the COPERT 5 software. In the analysis, emissions of fossil carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide were taken into account. Emissions of all considered GHGs were converted to equivalent carbon dioxide. Throughout the subsequent years of emission inventory, emissions of all GHGs revealed an increasing trend, except for methane. The main cause underlying this increase is the dynamic development of motorization in Poland. Thus, GHGs’ emissions were analyzed, taking into account the number of road vehicles and the intensity of their use. An increase in the average specific distance emission was found for fossil carbon dioxide (by ca. 5%) and for nitrous oxide (by ca. 10%), while for methane, there was a decrease (by more than 150%). The GHGs’ emissions from road transport in Poland could be significantly lower if more emphasis was placed on the use of fuels from renewable energy sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollutant emission; emission inventory; greenhouse gases; motor vehicles; road transport pollutant emission; emission inventory; greenhouse gases; motor vehicles; road transport
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Bebkiewicz, K.; Chłopek, Z.; Lasocki, J.; Szczepański, K.; Zimakowska-Laskowska, M. Analysis of Emission of Greenhouse Gases from Road Transport in Poland between 1990 and 2017. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 387.

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