Next Article in Journal
An Analysis of Fog in the Mainland Portuguese International Airports
Next Article in Special Issue
High Ethylene and Propylene in an Area Dominated by Oil Production
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of Spatial Data from Moss Biomonitoring in Czech–Polish Border
Previous Article in Special Issue
Historic and Modern Air Pollution Studies Conducted in Utah
Open AccessArticle

Human Health and Economic Costs of Air Pollution in Utah: An Expert Assessment

1
Plant & Wildlife Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
2
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
3
Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
4
Public Health, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
5
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
6
Utah Clean Air Partnership (UCAIR), Salt Lake City, UT 84116, USA
7
Yale Law School, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
8
Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
9
Environment and Society, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA
10
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA
11
Bingham Research Center, Utah State University, Vernal, UT 84078, USA
12
Law School, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(11), 1238; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11111238
Received: 14 September 2020 / Revised: 11 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
Air pollution causes more damage to health and economy than previously understood, contributing to approximately one in six deaths globally. However, pollution reduction policies remain controversial even when proven effective and cost negative, partially because of misunderstanding and growing mistrust in science. We used an expert assessment to bridge these research–policy divides in the State of Utah, USA, combining quantitative estimates from 23 local researchers and specialists on the human health and economic costs of air pollution. Experts estimated that air pollution in Utah causes 2480 to 8000 premature deaths annually (90% confidence interval) and decreases the median life expectancy by 1.1 to 3.6 years. Economic costs of air pollution in Utah totaled $0.75 to $3.3 billion annually, up to 1.7% of the state’s gross domestic product. Though these results were generally in line with available estimates from downscaled national studies, they were met with surprise in the state legislature, where there had been an almost complete absence of quantitative health and economic cost estimates. We discuss the legislative and personal responses of Utah policy makers to these results and present a framework for increasing the assimilation of data into decision making via regional expert assessment. In conclusion, combining quantitative assessments from local experts is a responsive and cost-effective tool to increase trust and information uptake during time-sensitive policy windows. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; expert assessment; environmental policy; science communication; ecological economics; knowledge co-generation air pollution; expert assessment; environmental policy; science communication; ecological economics; knowledge co-generation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Errigo, I.M.; Abbott, B.W.; Mendoza, D.L.; Mitchell, L.; Sayedi, S.S.; Glenn, J.; Kelly, K.E.; Beard, J.D.; Bratsman, S.; Carter, T.; Chaney, R.A.; Follett, A.; Freeman, A.; Frei, R.J.; Greenhalgh, M.; Holmes, H.A.; Howe, P.D.; Johnston, J.D.; Lange, L.; Martin, R.; Stacey, A.; Tran, T.; Wilson, D. Human Health and Economic Costs of Air Pollution in Utah: An Expert Assessment. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 1238. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11111238

AMA Style

Errigo IM, Abbott BW, Mendoza DL, Mitchell L, Sayedi SS, Glenn J, Kelly KE, Beard JD, Bratsman S, Carter T, Chaney RA, Follett A, Freeman A, Frei RJ, Greenhalgh M, Holmes HA, Howe PD, Johnston JD, Lange L, Martin R, Stacey A, Tran T, Wilson D. Human Health and Economic Costs of Air Pollution in Utah: An Expert Assessment. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(11):1238. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11111238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Errigo, Isabella M.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Mendoza, Daniel L.; Mitchell, Logan; Sayedi, Sayedeh S.; Glenn, Jeffrey; Kelly, Kerry E.; Beard, John D.; Bratsman, Samuel; Carter, Thom; Chaney, Robert A.; Follett, Andrew; Freeman, Andrew; Frei, Rebecca J.; Greenhalgh, Mitchell; Holmes, Heather A.; Howe, Peter D.; Johnston, James D.; Lange, Leslie; Martin, Randal; Stacey, Audrey; Tran, Trang; Wilson, Derrek. 2020. "Human Health and Economic Costs of Air Pollution in Utah: An Expert Assessment" Atmosphere 11, no. 11: 1238. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11111238

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop