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Gravity Waves in Planetary Atmospheres: Their Effects and Parameterization in Global Circulation Models

1
Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Weather Lab, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(9), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10090531
Received: 11 August 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 4 September 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling and Simulation of Planetary Atmospheres)
The dynamical and thermodynamical importance of gravity waves was initially recognized in the atmosphere of Earth. Extensive studies over recent decades demonstrated that gravity waves exist in atmospheres of other planets, similarly play a significant role in the vertical coupling of atmospheric layers and, thus, must be included in numerical general circulation models. Since the spatial scales of gravity waves are smaller than the typical spatial resolution of most models, atmospheric forcing produced by them must be parameterized. This paper presents a review of gravity waves in planetary atmospheres, outlines their main characteristics and forcing mechanisms, and summarizes approaches to capturing gravity wave effects in numerical models. The main goal of this review is to bridge research communities studying atmospheres of Earth and other planets. View Full-Text
Keywords: waves; planetary weather forecasting; comparative planetology waves; planetary weather forecasting; comparative planetology
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Medvedev, A.S.; Yiğit, E. Gravity Waves in Planetary Atmospheres: Their Effects and Parameterization in Global Circulation Models. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 531.

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