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Open AccessArticle

Reduction of Bioaerosols Emitted from a Swine Confinement Building by a Percolating Biofilter During a 10-Month Period

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Département de Biochimie, de Microbiologie, et de Bio-Informatique, Faculté des Sciences et de Génie, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Centre de Recherche de l’Institut Universitaire de Pneumologie et de Cardiologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 4G5, Canada
3
Research and Development Institute for the Agri-Environment (IRDA), Québec, QC G1P 3W8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(9), 525; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10090525
Received: 4 July 2019 / Revised: 21 August 2019 / Accepted: 4 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Detection and Monitoring of Bioaerosols)
The release of pathogens into the air from swine confinement buildings are mitigated through preventative measures, such as outgoing air filtration, to reduce the risk of spread to nearby barns and communities. The present study aims to characterize the effectiveness of a percolating biofilter developed by the Research and Development Institute for the Agri-environment (IRDA) to capture airborne contaminants, such as bacteria and viruses emitted from a swine finishing room. Over a 10-month period (summer, fall, and winter), air was sampled upwind and downwind of the biofilter using two wet walled cyclonic samplers. Culture-dependent and molecular biology analyses were used to track changes in microbial concentrations and populations both captured and emitted by the percolating biofilter. Results revealed a minor reduction (median reduction efficiency 14.4%) in culturable bacteria. There was a decrease in total bacteria (qPCR) (75.0%) and other qPCR targeted organisms: archaea (42.1%), coliphages (25.6%), Enterococcus (76.1%), and Escherichia coli (40.9%). The community analyses showed similar bacterial diversity in the air upwind and downwind of the biofilter although more Proteobacteria were present downwind of the unit, likely attributable to the Proteobacteria-rich nutritive solution. Evidence is provided for bioaerosols reduction by a percolating biofilter treating air from a swine fattening-finishing room. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioaerosols; air filtration; biofilter; swine; confinement bioaerosols; air filtration; biofilter; swine; confinement
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Vyskocil, J.M.; Létourneau, V.; Girard, M.; Lévesque, A.; Duchaine, C. Reduction of Bioaerosols Emitted from a Swine Confinement Building by a Percolating Biofilter During a 10-Month Period. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 525.

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