Next Article in Journal
PM2.5 Prediction Based on Random Forest, XGBoost, and Deep Learning Using Multisource Remote Sensing Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Flash Drought Characteristics Based on U.S. Drought Monitor
Previous Article in Journal
Magnetic Field and Electron Density Data Analysis from Swarm Satellites Searching for Ionospheric Effects by Great Earthquakes: 12 Case Studies from 2014 to 2016
Previous Article in Special Issue
Identification of Drought Events and Correlations with Large-Scale Ocean–Atmospheric Patterns of Variability: A Case Study in Xinjiang, China
Open AccessArticle

Seasonal Responses of Precipitation in China to El Niño and Positive Indian Ocean Dipole Modes

CAS Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(7), 372; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070372
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 30 June 2019 / Accepted: 1 July 2019 / Published: 3 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Meteorological and Hydrological Droughts)
Using composite, regular, and partial regression analyses in the six consecutive seasons from spring of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-/Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)-developing year through summer following the ENSO/IOD mature phase, the individual and combined impacts of El Niño and positive Indian Ocean Dipole (pIOD) on the evolution of precipitation in China are diagnosed for the period 1950–2013. It is shown that the seasonal responses of precipitation in China to El Niño and pIOD events, and their relationship with the large-scale atmospheric circulations, differ from one season to another. For the pure El Niño years, there is a seasonal reversal of precipitation over southeastern and northwestern China, with deficient precipitation occurring in these two regions before the onset of anomalous wet conditions in the developing autumn. Meanwhile, North China tends to be drier than normal in the developing seasons, but wetter than normal in the decaying seasons. For the pure pIOD events, southern China suffers a precipitation deficit (surplus) in the developing spring (summer and autumn). Furthermore, both North China and northwestern China experience excessive precipitation in the developing autumn and decaying summer. In addition, there is reduced precipitation in northeastern China during both the developing and decaying summers, whereas increased precipitation occurs in the developing autumn and decaying winter. For the combined years, southern China experiences enhanced moisture supply and suffers from increased precipitation from the developing summer through the subsequent spring, but reduced precipitation in the developing spring and decaying summer. Similar to the pure El Niño, northwestern (North) China becomes wetter than normal after the developing summer (autumn) in the combined years. In general, the ENSO/IOD-related precipitation variability could be explained by the associated anomaly circulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation; El Niño; positive Indian Ocean Dipole precipitation; El Niño; positive Indian Ocean Dipole
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, C.; Zhao, T. Seasonal Responses of Precipitation in China to El Niño and Positive Indian Ocean Dipole Modes. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 372. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070372

AMA Style

Li C, Zhao T. Seasonal Responses of Precipitation in China to El Niño and Positive Indian Ocean Dipole Modes. Atmosphere. 2019; 10(7):372. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070372

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Chunxiang; Zhao, Tianbao. 2019. "Seasonal Responses of Precipitation in China to El Niño and Positive Indian Ocean Dipole Modes" Atmosphere 10, no. 7: 372. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070372

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop