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A Test Stand Study on the Volatile Emissions of a Passenger Car Brake Assembly

1
Brembo S.p.A., 24040 Stezzano (BG), Italy
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava, 708 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
3
Department of Machine Design, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(5), 263; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10050263
Received: 22 March 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 10 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Traffic-Related Emissions)
PDF [1115 KB, uploaded 10 May 2019]

Abstract

Brake-related airborne particulate matter contributes to urban emissions in the transport sector. Recent research demonstrated a clear dependence of the number of ultra-fine particles on the disc brake temperature. Above the so-called transition temperature, the number of ultra-fine particles increases dramatically (several magnitudes). As for exhaust emissions, part of the emissions released during braking can be in the volatile fraction. For this reason, a disc brake test stand specifically designed for aerosol research was equipped with three different aerosol sampling instruments: (i) a standard cascade impactor, (ii) a cascade impactor operating at high temperature with a heated sampling line, and (iii) a standard cascade impactor with a thermodenuder. Tests with a brake assembly representative of European passenger vehicles were executed, and the concentration of released airborne particles was determined. The results showed a decrease by several magnitudes in the concentration (in the size range of below 200 nm) using the cascade impactor operating at 180 °C with the sampling line heated to 200 °C. A further decrease in the concentration of airborne particles with size fractions below 200 nm was measured using a standard cascade impactor with a thermodenuder heated to 300 °C.
Keywords: brake emissions; heated sampling line; heated charger; thermodenuder; volatiles brake emissions; heated sampling line; heated charger; thermodenuder; volatiles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Perricone, G.; Matĕjka, V.; Alemani, M.; Wahlström, J.; Olofsson, U. A Test Stand Study on the Volatile Emissions of a Passenger Car Brake Assembly. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 263.

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