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Typological Characterisation of Mineral and Combustion Airborne Particles Indoors in Primary Schools

1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Jaume I University, Campus Riu Sec s/n, 12071 Castellón, Spain
2
Department of Agrochemistry and Environment, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avd, Universidad s/n, 03202 Elche (Alicante), Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(4), 209; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040209
Received: 22 March 2019 / Revised: 4 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Single Atmospheric Particle Analysis)
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Abstract

This study was carried out using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of airborne fine particles and indoor samples, obtained in the interiors of seven primary schools located along the Mediterranean coast in an area with an important industrial nucleus. The objectives of this study are to create a catalogue that gathers the principle particles found in the three environments examined and to assess the influence of outside sources of particulate matter on particles found indoors. The particles identified in the fine particle samples have been grouped into two main groups: mineral compounds and particles originating from combustion processes. The mineral particles emanating from natural emissions and anthropogenics were classified according to their morphology into: isometric alotriomorphs or subidiomorphs, with tabular, acicular, and pure crystalline forms. The compounds originating from combustion processes present two types of morphology: spheric-like particles and dendritic soot ones. On the other hand, in lesser proportion, spherical particles were also identified as being associated with industrial processes at high temperatures. To conclude a summary table is presented, that gathers the characteristics (morphology, type and size) along with the origins of the principle particles identified in the interior airborne fine particle samples obtained from primary schools located in three different environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: airborne fine particles; indoor samples; SEM analysis; mineral particles; spherical particles; carbonaceous particles; industrialised area airborne fine particles; indoor samples; SEM analysis; mineral particles; spherical particles; carbonaceous particles; industrialised area
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Pallarés, S.; Gómez, E.T.; Jordán, M.M. Typological Characterisation of Mineral and Combustion Airborne Particles Indoors in Primary Schools. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 209.

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