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Article

Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols on a Heavy Rainstorm in Beijing

by 1,2,*, 3,4,*, 3 and 1
1
Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100089, China
2
Environmental Meteorology Forecast Center of Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei, Beijing 100089, China
3
Key Laboratory of Cloud-Precipitation Physics and Severe Storms, &Center of Disaster Reduction, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
4
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(4), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040162
Received: 18 February 2019 / Revised: 15 March 2019 / Accepted: 23 March 2019 / Published: 27 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Aerosols)
A heavy rainstorm occurred in Beijing on 19–20 July 2016. The Weather Research and Forecasting Model coupled with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) was used to investigate the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on precipitation and microphysical processes. Three conditions were simulated by altering the anthropogenic emissions. When the anthropogenic emissions were increased by 10 times, the area-average accumulated rainfall amount and maximum accumulated rainfall amount both decreased. The cloud water mixing ratio increased and the rain mixing ratio decreased. The radii of cloud droplets decreased, and the collision efficiency of cloud water by rain and the autoconversion rate of cloud water into rain were both low. When the anthropogenic emission was 10% of the original emission, the area of accumulated rainfall amounts greater than 25 mm in the Beijing area was 10% larger than those of the other two tests. The collision efficiency and autoconversion rate of cloud water into rain were high for large contact areas and large cloud droplets. The graupel mixing ratio was the largest. Thus, the process of melting of graupel into rain was the largest. In the WRF-Chem model, the aerosols did not participate as ice nuclei (IN) in the ice-phase microphysical processes, and therefore the aerosols could influence only the warm rain processes and mix-phased processes near the freezing level line. For no influence on ice-phase microphysical processes, the snow and ice mixing ratios did not show many differences among the different tests. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropogenic aerosols; rainstorm; precipitation; microphysical processes anthropogenic aerosols; rainstorm; precipitation; microphysical processes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, C.; Xiao, H.; Yang, H.; Wen, W. Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols on a Heavy Rainstorm in Beijing. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 162. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040162

AMA Style

Guo C, Xiao H, Yang H, Wen W. Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols on a Heavy Rainstorm in Beijing. Atmosphere. 2019; 10(4):162. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guo, Chunwei, Hui Xiao, Huiling Yang, and Wei Wen. 2019. "Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols on a Heavy Rainstorm in Beijing" Atmosphere 10, no. 4: 162. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040162

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