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The Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment—A Plan for Integrated, Large Fire–Atmosphere Field Campaigns

1
University of Washington School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, Box 352100, Seattle, WA 98195-2100, USA
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US Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory, Suite 201, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
3
Michigan Technological University, 3600 Green Court, Suite 100, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
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US Environmental Protection Agency, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Durham, NC 27709, USA
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Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno, NV 89512, USA
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San José State University Department of Meteorology and Climate Science, One Washington Square, San Jose, CA 95192-0104, USA
7
US Forest Service Northern Research Station, 359 Main Rd., Delaware, OH 43015, USA
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US Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station Moscow Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 1221 S Main St., Moscow, ID 83843, USA
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Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Utah, 135 S 1460 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0110, USA
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Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
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US Forest Service Southern Research Station, 320 Green St., Athens, GA 30602-2044, USA
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US Forest Service Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory, 5775 US Highway 10 W Missoula, MT 59808-9361, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(2), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10020066
Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 3 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality and Smoke Management)
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PDF [9203 KB, uploaded 3 February 2019]
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Abstract

The Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment (FASMEE) is designed to collect integrated observations from large wildland fires and provide evaluation datasets for new models and operational systems. Wildland fire, smoke dispersion, and atmospheric chemistry models have become more sophisticated, and next-generation operational models will require evaluation datasets that are coordinated and comprehensive for their evaluation and advancement. Integrated measurements are required, including ground-based observations of fuels and fire behavior, estimates of fire-emitted heat and emissions fluxes, and observations of near-source micrometeorology, plume properties, smoke dispersion, and atmospheric chemistry. To address these requirements the FASMEE campaign design includes a study plan to guide the suite of required measurements in forested sites representative of many prescribed burning programs in the southeastern United States and increasingly common high-intensity fires in the western United States. Here we provide an overview of the proposed experiment and recommendations for key measurements. The FASMEE study provides a template for additional large-scale experimental campaigns to advance fire science and operational fire and smoke models. View Full-Text
Keywords: mixed conifer forest; southern pine forest; wildland smoke; fire behavior; plume dynamics; dispersion; smoke chemistry mixed conifer forest; southern pine forest; wildland smoke; fire behavior; plume dynamics; dispersion; smoke chemistry
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Prichard, S.; Larkin, N.S.; Ottmar, R.; French, N.H.; Baker, K.; Brown, T.; Clements, C.; Dickinson, M.; Hudak, A.; Kochanski, A.; Linn, R.; Liu, Y.; Potter, B.; Mell, W.; Tanzer, D.; Urbanski, S.; Watts, A. The Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment—A Plan for Integrated, Large Fire–Atmosphere Field Campaigns. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 66.

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