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Genes 2018, 9(12), 633; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9120633

Enhancing the Anticancer Efficacy of Immunotherapy through Combination with Histone Modification Inhibitors

Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China
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Received: 10 November 2018 / Revised: 10 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published: 14 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Histone Modification Enzymes and Long Noncoding RNAs in Cancer)
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Abstract

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA is wrapped around histone octamers, forming the so-called “nucleosomal core particles”. The histones undergo various modifications that influence chromatin structure and function, including methylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, phosphorylation, and SUMOylation. These modifications, known as epigenetic modifications (defined as heritable molecular determinants of phenotype that are independent of the DNA sequence), result in alterations of gene expression and changes in cell behavior. Recent work has shown that epigenetic drugs targeting histone deacetylation or methylation modulate the immune response and overcome acquired resistance to immunotherapy. A number of combination therapies involving immunotherapy and epigenetic drugs, which target histone deacetylation or methylation, are currently under various clinical/pre-clinical investigations and have shown promising anticancer efficacy. These combination therapies may provide a new strategy for achieving sustained anticancer efficacy and overcoming resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: histone methylation; acetylation; immunotherapy; cancer histone methylation; acetylation; immunotherapy; cancer
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Sun, W.; Lv, S.; Li, H.; Cui, W.; Wang, L. Enhancing the Anticancer Efficacy of Immunotherapy through Combination with Histone Modification Inhibitors. Genes 2018, 9, 633.

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