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Sunflower Genetics from Ancestors to Modern Hybrids—A Review

Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Genes 2018, 9(11), 528; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9110528
Received: 3 October 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 26 October 2018 / Published: 30 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics of Plant Domestication and Crop Evolution)
Domestication and the first steps of sunflower breeding date back more than 4000 years. As an interesting crop to humans, sunflower underwent significant changes in the past to finally find its place as one of the most significant oil crops today. Substantial progress has already been made in understanding how sunflower was domesticated. Recent advances in molecular techniques with improved experimental designs contributed to further understanding of the genetic and molecular basis underlying the architectural and phenotypic changes that occurred during domestication and improvements in sunflower breeding. Understanding the domestication process and assessing the current situation concerning available genotypic variations are essential in order for breeders to face future challenges. A review of the tools that are used for exploring the genetic and genome changes associated with sunflower domestication is given in the paper, along with a discussion of their possible implications on classical sunflower breeding techniques and goals. View Full-Text
Keywords: sunflower; Helianthus; domestication; breeding; genetic analysis sunflower; Helianthus; domestication; breeding; genetic analysis
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Radanović, A.; Miladinović, D.; Cvejić, S.; Jocković, M.; Jocić, S. Sunflower Genetics from Ancestors to Modern Hybrids—A Review. Genes 2018, 9, 528.

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