Structural and Evolutionary Relationships in the Giant Sex Chromosomes of Three Microtus Species
AbstractThe genus Microtus has high karyotypic diversity. The existence of notable differences in the length of its sex chromosomes contributes to this variation. Variations in size are attributed to the enlargement of their heterochromatin content, which is of such magnitude in some species that they are referred to as “giant sex chromosomes”. Here, we perform an intra- and interspecific analysis of the molecular composition of the heterochromatic blocks in three species with giant sex chromosomes (Microtus chrotorrhinus, M. cabrerae and M. agrestis). Our results show that the heterochromatic content is very similar in both the X and Y chromosomes of M. chrotorrhinus, and that their molecular composition is more closely related to the heterochromatic blocks of M. agrestis than to the sex heterochromatin of M. cabrerae; however, species-specific differences do clearly exist. Interestingly, the euchromatic regions of the X chromosome of all three of these species share a homologous region composed of heterochromatic-related sequences. Our results therefore reinforce the idea that certain similarities in the original organization of these X chromosomes could have facilitated their later enlargement. View Full-Text
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Lamelas, L.; Arroyo, M.; Fernández, F.J.; Marchal, J.A.; Sánchez, A. Structural and Evolutionary Relationships in the Giant Sex Chromosomes of Three Microtus Species. Genes 2018, 9, 27.
Lamelas L, Arroyo M, Fernández FJ, Marchal JA, Sánchez A. Structural and Evolutionary Relationships in the Giant Sex Chromosomes of Three Microtus Species. Genes. 2018; 9(1):27.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lamelas, Luz; Arroyo, María; Fernández, Francisco J.; Marchal, Juan A.; Sánchez, Antonio. 2018. "Structural and Evolutionary Relationships in the Giant Sex Chromosomes of Three Microtus Species." Genes 9, no. 1: 27.
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