The Aging Mitochondria
AbstractMitochondrial dysfunction is a central event in many pathologies and contributes as well to age-related processes. However, distinguishing between primary mitochondrial dysfunction driving aging and a secondary mitochondrial impairment resulting from other cell alterations remains challenging. Indeed, even though mitochondria undeniably play a crucial role in aging pathways at the cellular and organismal level, the original hypothesis in which mitochondrial dysfunction and production of free radicals represent the main driving force of cell degeneration has been strongly challenged. In this review, we will first describe mitochondrial dysfunctions observed in aged tissue, and how these features have been linked to mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS)–mediated cell damage and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. We will also discuss the clues that led to consider mitochondria as the starting point in the aging process, and how recent research has showed that the mitochondria aging axis represents instead a more complex and multifactorial signaling pathway. New working hypothesis will be also presented in which mitochondria are considered at the center of a complex web of cell dysfunctions that eventually leads to cell senescence and death. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Theurey, P.; Pizzo, P. The Aging Mitochondria. Genes 2018, 9, 22.
Theurey P, Pizzo P. The Aging Mitochondria. Genes. 2018; 9(1):22.Chicago/Turabian Style
Theurey, Pierre; Pizzo, Paola. 2018. "The Aging Mitochondria." Genes 9, no. 1: 22.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.