Next Article in Journal
Insight into the Genetic Population Structure of Wild Red Foxes in Poland Reveals Low Risk of Genetic Introgression from Escaped Farm Red Foxes
Next Article in Special Issue
How a Paleogenomic Approach Can Provide Details on Bioarchaeological Reconstruction: A Case Study from the Globular Amphorae Culture
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating Cellular Trajectories in the Severity of COVID-19 and Their Transcriptional Programs Using Machine Learning Approaches
Previous Article in Special Issue
Maternal Lineages from 10–11th Century Commoner Cemeteries of the Carpathian Basin
Article

First Bronze Age Human Mitogenomes from Calabria (Grotta Della Monaca, Southern Italy)

1
Department of Cultural Heritage, University of Bologna, via Degli Ariani 1, 48121 Ravenna, Italy
2
Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, University of Ferrara, Corso Ercole I D’Este 32, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
3
Centro Regionale di Speleologia “Enzo dei Medici”, via Lucania 3, 87070 Roseto Capo Spulico, Italy
4
Department of Biological Geological and Environmental Sciences, University of Bologna, via Selmi 3, 40126 Bologna, Italy
5
Department of Biology, Università degli Studi di Firenze, via del Proconsolo 12, 50125 Firenze, Italy
6
Interdepartmental Centre “Alma Mater Research Institute on Global Challenges and Climate Change (Alma Climate)”, University of Bologna, via Petroni 26, 40126 Bologna, Italy
7
Gruppo di Ricerca Speleo-Archeologica, Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”, Piazza Umberto I 1, 70121 Bari, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to the article.
Academic Editor: Michael Hofreiter
Genes 2021, 12(5), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050636
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 25 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ancient and Archaic Genomes)
The Italian peninsula was host to a strong history of migration processes that shaped its genomic variability since prehistoric times. During the Metal Age, Sicily and Southern Italy were the protagonists of intense trade networks and settlements along the Mediterranean. Nonetheless, ancient DNA studies in Southern Italy are, at present, still limited to prehistoric and Roman Apulia. Here, we present the first mitogenomes from a Middle Bronze Age cave burial in Calabria to address this knowledge gap. We adopted a hybridization capture approach, which enabled the recovery of one complete and one partial mitochondrial genome. Phylogenetic analysis assigned these two individuals to the H1e and H5 subhaplogroups, respectively. This preliminary phylogenetic analysis supports affinities with coeval Sicilian populations, along with Linearbandkeramik and Bell Beaker cultures maternal lineages from Central Europe and Iberia. Our work represents a starting point which contributes to the comprehension of migrations and population dynamics in Southern Italy, and highlights this knowledge gap yet to be filled by genomic studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: ancient DNA; paleogenomics; human; mitochondrial DNA; archaeology; Italy; Bronze Age ancient DNA; paleogenomics; human; mitochondrial DNA; archaeology; Italy; Bronze Age
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fontani, F.; Cilli, E.; Arena, F.; Sarno, S.; Modi, A.; De Fanti, S.; Andrews, A.J.; Latorre, A.; Abondio, P.; Larocca, F.; Lari, M.; Caramelli, D.; Gualdi-Russo, E.; Luiselli, D. First Bronze Age Human Mitogenomes from Calabria (Grotta Della Monaca, Southern Italy). Genes 2021, 12, 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050636

AMA Style

Fontani F, Cilli E, Arena F, Sarno S, Modi A, De Fanti S, Andrews AJ, Latorre A, Abondio P, Larocca F, Lari M, Caramelli D, Gualdi-Russo E, Luiselli D. First Bronze Age Human Mitogenomes from Calabria (Grotta Della Monaca, Southern Italy). Genes. 2021; 12(5):636. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050636

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fontani, Francesco, Elisabetta Cilli, Fabiola Arena, Stefania Sarno, Alessandra Modi, Sara De Fanti, Adam J. Andrews, Adriana Latorre, Paolo Abondio, Felice Larocca, Martina Lari, David Caramelli, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, and Donata Luiselli. 2021. "First Bronze Age Human Mitogenomes from Calabria (Grotta Della Monaca, Southern Italy)" Genes 12, no. 5: 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050636

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop