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Article

Genetic Characterization of Russian Rapeseed Collection and Association Mapping of Novel Loci Affecting Glucosinolate Content

1
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Moscow 121205, Russia
2
Pustovoit All-Russia Research Institute of Oil Crops, Krasnodar 350038, Russia
3
Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow 119333, Russia
4
FSBSI Lorch Potato Research Institute, Kraskovo 140051, Russia
5
Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119992, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2020, 11(8), 926; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11080926
Received: 10 July 2020 / Revised: 2 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selection Methods in Plant Breeding: From Visual Phenotyping to NGS)
Rapeseed is the second most common oilseed crop worldwide. While the start of rapeseed breeding in Russia dates back to the middle of the 20th century, its widespread cultivation began only recently. In contrast to the world’s rapeseed genetic variation, the genetic composition of Russian rapeseed lines remained unexplored. We have addressed this question by performing genome-wide genotyping of 90 advanced rapeseed accessions provided by the All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Crops (VNIIMK). Genome-wide genetic analysis demonstrated a clear difference between Russian rapeseed varieties and the rapeseed varieties from the rest of the world, including the European ones, indicating that rapeseed breeding in Russia proceeded in its own independent direction. Hence, genetic determinants of agronomical traits might also be different in Russian rapeseed lines. To assess it, we collected the glucosinolate content data for the same 90 genotyped accessions obtained during three years and performed an association mapping of this trait. We indeed found that the loci significantly associated with glucosinolate content variation in the Russian rapeseed collection differ from those previously reported for the non-Russian rapeseed lines. View Full-Text
Keywords: rapeseed; genotyping-by-sequencing; genetic diversity; population structure; glucosinolates; association mapping rapeseed; genotyping-by-sequencing; genetic diversity; population structure; glucosinolates; association mapping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gubaev, R.; Gorlova, L.; Boldyrev, S.; Goryunova, S.; Goryunov, D.; Mazin, P.; Chernova, A.; Martynova, E.; Demurin, Y.; Khaitovich, P. Genetic Characterization of Russian Rapeseed Collection and Association Mapping of Novel Loci Affecting Glucosinolate Content. Genes 2020, 11, 926. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11080926

AMA Style

Gubaev R, Gorlova L, Boldyrev S, Goryunova S, Goryunov D, Mazin P, Chernova A, Martynova E, Demurin Y, Khaitovich P. Genetic Characterization of Russian Rapeseed Collection and Association Mapping of Novel Loci Affecting Glucosinolate Content. Genes. 2020; 11(8):926. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11080926

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gubaev, Rim, Lyudmila Gorlova, Stepan Boldyrev, Svetlana Goryunova, Denis Goryunov, Pavel Mazin, Alina Chernova, Elena Martynova, Yakov Demurin, and Philipp Khaitovich. 2020. "Genetic Characterization of Russian Rapeseed Collection and Association Mapping of Novel Loci Affecting Glucosinolate Content" Genes 11, no. 8: 926. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11080926

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