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Open AccessArticle

Characterization of Two Novel Intronic Variants Affecting Splicing in FBN1-Related Disorders

1
Division of Medical Genetics, Fondazione IRCCS-Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, 71013 San Giovanni Rotondo FG, Italy
2
Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University, San Camillo-Forlaninin Hospital, 00152 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(6), 442; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10060442
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
FBN1 encodes fibrillin 1, a key structural component of the extracellular matrix, and its variants are associated with a wide range of hereditary connective tissues disorders, such as Marfan syndrome (MFS) and mitral valve–aorta–skeleton–skin (MASS) syndrome. Interpretations of the genomic data and possible genotype–phenotype correlations in FBN1 are complicated by the high rate of intronic variants of unknown significance. Here, we report two unrelated individuals with the FBN1 deep intronic variants c.6872-24T>A and c.7571-12T>A, clinically associated with MFS and MASS syndrome, respectively. The individual carrying the c.6872-24T>A variant is positive for aortic disease. Both individuals lacked ectopia lentis. In silico analysis and subsequent mRNA study by RT-PCR demonstrated the effect of the identified variant on the splicing process in both cases. The c.6872-24T>A and c.7571-12T>A variants generate the retention of intronic nucleotides and lead to the introduction of a premature stop codon. This study enlarges the mutation spectrum of FBN1 and points out the importance of intronic sequence analysis and the need for integrative functional studies in FBN1 diagnostics. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibrillin 1; Marfan syndrome; MASS syndrome; mRNA; splicing fibrillin 1; Marfan syndrome; MASS syndrome; mRNA; splicing
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Fusco, C.; Morlino, S.; Micale, L.; Ferraris, A.; Grammatico, P.; Castori, M. Characterization of Two Novel Intronic Variants Affecting Splicing in FBN1-Related Disorders. Genes 2019, 10, 442.

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