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Article

Evolution and Identification of the WRKY Gene Family in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)

1
State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas and College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
2
College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
3
Xizang Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College, Linzhi 860000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(2), 131; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020131
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 26 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Genetics and Genomics)
The WRKY gene family plays a unique role in plant stress tolerance. Quinoa is a cultivated crop worldwide that is known for its high stress tolerance. The WRKY gene family in quinoa has not yet been studied. Using a genome-wide search method, we identified 1226 WRKY genes in 15 plant species, seven animal species, and seven fungi species. WRKY proteins were not found in animal species and five fungi species, but were, however, widespread in land plants. A total of 92 CqWRKY genes were identified in quinoa. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, these CqWRKY genes were classified into three groups. The CqWRKY proteins have a highly conserved heptapeptide WRKYGQK with 15 conserved elements. Furthermore, a total of 25 CqWRKY genes were involved in the co-expression pathway of organ development and osmotic stress. The expression level of more than half of these CqWRKY genes showed significant variation under salt or drought stress. This study reports, for the first time, the findings of the CqWRKY gene family in quinoa at the genome-wide level. This information will be beneficial for our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of stress tolerance in crops, such as quinoa. View Full-Text
Keywords: WRKY; evolution; quinoa; abiotic stress; expression profiles WRKY; evolution; quinoa; abiotic stress; expression profiles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yue, H.; Chang, X.; Zhi, Y.; Wang, L.; Xing, G.; Song, W.; Nie, X. Evolution and Identification of the WRKY Gene Family in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Genes 2019, 10, 131. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020131

AMA Style

Yue H, Chang X, Zhi Y, Wang L, Xing G, Song W, Nie X. Evolution and Identification of the WRKY Gene Family in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Genes. 2019; 10(2):131. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020131

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yue, Hong, Xi Chang, Yongqiang Zhi, Lan Wang, Guangwei Xing, Weining Song, and Xiaojun Nie. 2019. "Evolution and Identification of the WRKY Gene Family in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)" Genes 10, no. 2: 131. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020131

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